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Full Spelling Curriculum!

ECLECTIC EDUCATIONAL SERIES.

 Full Book Without Pictures!

McGUFFEY’S ®

 

ECLECTIC

 

SPELLING-BOOK.

 

REVISED EDITION.

 

 

McGuffey Editions and Colophon are Trademarks of

John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

 

NEW YORK-CHICHESTER-WEINHEIM-BRISBANE-SINGAPORE-TORONTO

 

PREFACE.

In revising this book, care has been taken to preserve all the excellences that have so long and so favorably distinguished McGUFFEY’S ECLECTIC SPELLING-BOOK: and the chief changes that have been made, have been suggested by the evident plan of the original work.

The old system of indicating the pronunciation by numerals, called “superiors,” has been abandoned, and the diacritical marks used by Webster have been adopted. The Revised Speller conforms in orthography, pronunciation, and syllabication to the latest edition of Webster’s Unabridged Diction­ary. Exercises have been given on each of the distinctive marks used in the book, as will be seen by reference to Lessons 36-57.

A number of lessons have been added in the department of prefixes and suffixes, and now nearly all the more common of these etymological principles have been explained. (See Les­sons 136-167.)

In arranging the text of the several lessons, the object has been not to appeal merely to arbitrary memory, but to asso­ciate each lesson with some principle of sound, meaning, or accent, which would tend to aid the pupil in acquiring a knowledge of our language. Several distinct lessons on pro­nunciation are given, and towards the close of the book numerous lessons of difficult words in orthography have been introduced.

Instead of indicating silent letters by italics, as has hitherto been done, a new type has been made in which such letters are canceled, thus enabling the pupil to discover their status at a glance.

The pages have been enlivened, as in the other books of this Series, by attractive engravings.

The publishers take pleasure in acknowledging the valu­able services of W. B. Watkins, D. D., who planned and executed this revision.

DECEMBER, 1879.

16

Copyright, 1879, by Van Antwerp, Bragg & Co.

(ii)

 

THE ENGLISH ALPHABET.

 

The English Alphabet consists of twenty-six letters, viz.: a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j,k,l,m,n,o,p,q,r,s,t,u,v,w,x,y,z.

Letters are divided into VOWELS and CONSONANTS.

The Vowels are those letters which can be perfectly sounded without the aid of any other letter. The vowels are a, e, i, o, u, w, and y.

The vowel sounds of w and y are the same as those of u and i. A, e, and o are always vowels. I, u, w, and y are sometimes consonants.

A Diphthong is the union of two vowels in one sound. When both vowels are sounded, the diphthong is called PROPER, because then it is really a DIPHTHONG, or double sound; that is, the sounds of the vowels unite; as, oi in oil; ou in sound.

When only one of the vowels is sounded, the diphthong is called IMPROPER, because then, as one of the vowels is silent, it is not properly a DIPHTHONG, though it takes that name; as, oa in boat, ui in suit, where a and i are silent.

The following diphthongs are in common use, viz.: oi, oy, ou, ow, ae, ai, au, aw, ay, ea, ei, eo, eu, ew, ey, ia, ie, oa, oe, ua, ue, ui; as in toil, boy, round, plow, seal, coal, head, sail, say, aught, yeoman. Of these, oi, oy, ou, and ow are gener­ally proper diphthongs; though sometimes ou and ow are improper, as in famous, where o is silent, and in slow, where w is silent.

A Triphthong is the union of three vowels in one syllable; as, eau in beau, iew in view. The triphthong is properly a union of letters, not sounds.

(iii)

 

4                                                          ECLECTIC SERIES.

OF THE VARIOUS SOUNDS.

All the vowels, and some of the consonants, have several sounds; in this book these sounds are indicated by diacritical marks, as in the following tables:

TABLE OF VOCALS.

 
 

Long Sounds.

Sound

as is

 

Sound

as in

a

ate

 

e

eve

a

care

 

e

err

a

arm

 

i

ice

a

last

 

o

ode

a

all

 

u

use

oo

fool

 

 

 

Short Sounds.

a

am

 

o

odd

e

elm

 

u

up

i

in

 

oo

look

Diphthongs.

oi,oy,as in oil, boy      ou,ow, as in out, owl

TABLE OF SUBVOCALS

b

bib

 

v

valve

d

did

 

th

this

g

gig

 

z

zinc

j

jug

 

zh

azure

n

nine

 

r

rare

m

maim

 

w

we

ng

hang

 

y

yet

l

lull

 

 

 

TABLE OF ASPIRATES

f

fife

 

t

tart

h

him

 

sh

she

k

cake

 

ch

chat

p

pipe

 

th

thick

s

same

 

wh

why

 

 

                                              SPELLING BOOK.                                                     5

 

NOTE.–The foregoing forty-four sounds are those most employed in the English language. Some of these sounds are represented by other letters, as shown in the following table. For further instruction concerning the sounds, see Lessons 36-57.

TABLE OF SUBSTITUTES.

Sound

for

as in

 

Sound

for

as in

a

o

what

 

y

i

myth

e

a

there

 

c

k

can

e

a

feint

 

c

s

cite

i

e

police

 

ch

sh

chaise

i

e

sir

 

ch

k

chaos

o

u

son

 

g

j

gem

o

oo

to

 

n

ng

ink

o

oo

wolf

 

s

z

as

o

a

fork

 

s

sh

sure

o

e

work

 

x

gz

exact

u

oo

full

 

gh

f

laugh

u

e

burn

 

ph

f

phlox

u

oo

rude

 

qu

k

pique*

y

i

fly

 

qu

kw

quit

 

W, in its vowel sounds, corresponds with u; an in new (pro. nu).

A has, in a few words, the sound of e; as in any (pro. en’ny).

U has, in a few words, the sound of e; as in bury (pro. ber’ry); or that of  i, as in busy (pro. biz’y).

OF THE CONSONANTS.

The Consonants are those letters which can not be perfectly sounded without the aid of a vowel. The consonants are b, c, d, f, g, h, l, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, x, z, and sometimes i, u, w, and y. The consonants are divided into MUTES and SEMI-VOWELS.

The Mutes are those consonants that admit of no sound without the aid of a vowel. They are b, d, k, p, q, t, and c and g hard.

*Note.–The u is canceled in this book when qu is sounded like k.

 

6                                                          ECLECTIC SERIES.

The Semi-vowels are those consonants that can be sounded imperfectly by themselves. They are f, h, j, l, m, n, r, s, v, x, z, and c and g soft.

Four of the semi-vowels are called LIQUIDS; viz., l, m, n, and r. They are called liquids because they unite so readily with other sounds, or flow into them.

OF SYLLABLES AND WORDS.

A Syllable is a sound, or a combination of sounds, uttered by a single impulse of the voice: it may have one or more letters; as

a, bad, bad-ness.

A Word is either a syllable or a combination of syllables; as, not, notion.

A word of one syllable is called a Monosyllable; as, man.

A word of two syllables is called a Dissyllable; as, manly.

A word of three syllables is called a Trisyllable; as, manliness. Words of more than three syllables are called Polysyllables.

Accent is a stress of voice placed upon some one sylla­ble more than the others. Every word composed of two or more syllables has one of them accented. This accent is denoted by a mark (‘) at the end of the accented syllable; as, mid’nighta ban’don.

A Primitive Word is one which is not derived from any other word; as, man, great, full.

A Derivative Word is one which is formed from some other word by adding something to it; as, manful, greatness, fully.

A Simple Word is one which is not composed of more than one word; as, kind, man, stand, ink.

A Compound Word is one that is composed of two or more simple words; as, ink-stand, wind-mill.

Spelling is naming or writing the letters of a word.

 

                                         SPELLING-BOOK.                                                        7

 

Script Alphabet

 

 

CAPITAL LETTERS.

A B C D E F G H I

J K L M N O P Q R

S T U V W X Y Z

 

 

LOWER-CASE LETTERS.

a b c d e f g h i

j k l m n o p q r

s t u v w x y z

 

 

8                                                         ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

THE ALPHABET.

 

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

X

 

Y

Z

 

 

 

SPELLING-BOOK.                                         9

 

THE  ALPHABET.

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

i

j

k

l

m

n

o

p

q

r

s

t

u

v

w

x

 

y

z

 

 

 

10                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

PICTORIAL ALPHABET.

A B
C D
E F
G H

 

 

                                                             SPELLING BOOK.                                                    11

 

I J
K L
M N
O P
Q R

 

12                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

S T
U V
W X
Y Z

 

 

McGUFFEY’S

ECLECTIC SPELLING-BOOK.

Lesson 1.

SHORT SOUNDS OF VOWELS.

Short Sound of A.

 

am              cat               gap             ban             cap

an               bad             bag              can              map

as                mad            gag              fan              nap

at                pad             hag              pan             rap

ax               sad              lag               ran              hap

rat               gad              tag              tan              jam

sat               sap              fag              van             ham

 

Short Sound of E.

bed              den              net              sell              tent

led               ken              pet              nest             rent

red              men             set               zest             sent

wed             wen             yet              test              went

beg              jet               sex              pest             felt

leg               let               fell              rest             pelt

hen              met             bell              jest              melt

                                                                             (13)

 

14                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

Lesson 2.

SHORT SOUNDS OF VOWELS.–CONTINUED.

Short Sound of I.

if                 rid               him             sin               jig

it                 lid               rim              tin               rig

is                 sip              fix               dig              bib

bit               tip               six               fig               jib

hit               nip              din              big              rib

sit               lip               pin              pig              fib

 

Short Sound of O.

on               cob              nod             box             dot

ox               job              pod             hop             jot

got              rob              rod              mop            lot

cot              sob              log              sop             pot

jot               cod              hog             pop             rot

lot               God            dog             top              not

 

Short Sound of U.

up               mud            rum             rut               gush

us                dug             sum             hung           dust

cub              mug            bun             bung           must

hub             pug             dun             lung            rust

rub              tug              run              sung            gust

bud             jug              sun              hulk            drum

 

                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                   15

 

 

Lesson 3.

REVIEW OF SHORT SOUNDS OF VOWELS.

man            lap              pat              tap              had

fin               get               ten              wet              peg

fit                dim             mix             hid              his

hot              rot               fob              dot              con

rug              hum            fun              hut              cut

 

had             fun              hug             gum            flog

den              fog              dip              nag              dram

did              tub              fog              bet              help

sod              hod             gun             pen             lift

lad              bet              did              cog              rush

 

16                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES

 

Lesson 4.

Long Sound of A.

date             jade             came           cage            bane

late              fade             dame           page            lace

mate            rate             same           sage            wake

 

Long Sound of E.

me               we               she              heed            weed

fee               jeer              feed             deed            deep

feel              leer              meek           keep            peep

seek            veer             beef             reel              weep

 

Long Sound of I.

pile             dike             fire              life              bide

file              like              tire              rife              hide

mile             pike            sire              wife             ride

 

Long Sound of O.

code            dolt             bone            hope           dote

node            jolt              cone            pope           note

bode            molt            hone            rope            vote

rove            bolt             tone            cope            hold

 

Long Sound of U.

lure             cube            mute           lune             huge

cure             tube            duke            dune            pule

pure            lute             jute             use              cue

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      17

 

Lesson 5.

 

Short Sounds of Vowels.

 

crab         bled             chip            shot            bump

grab         fled             ship            blot             lump

drab        sled             whip           spot            pump

slab         sped            slip             plot             jump

stab         then            drip             trot             hump

brag         bent            spit             clog             bulk

cram        best             crib             frog             just

clan         hemp          gift              plod            drug

clad         vest             king            stop            shut

dash        west            grit              clod             hush

 

Lesson 6.

Various Vowel Sounds.

 

bard        deal             tank            dell              ill

card         veal             rank            tell              bill

hard        meal            sank            well             fill

bark        neat             hank           yell              rill

dark        heat             dank           belt             hill

dint         bang            dime            rave            cull

hint         fang            lime             gave            dull

lint          gang            tine             lave             gull

mint        hang            fine             pave            hull

tint          rang            mine            save            mull

Sp.2.

 

 

18                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

Lesson 7.

Long Sounds of Vowels.

blaze        sneer           drive           globe          dean

craze        creed           tribe            drone         bean

shape      steep           brine           stone          bead

state        sleek           spire           probe         beam

crape       fleet             bride           shore         lean

fume        smite           blame          clear           mope

spume     spite            flame           drear          mold

fluke        quite           slate            blear          tore

flume       whine          spade          spear         robe

dure         spine           prate           smear         poke

 

Lesson 8.

Various Sounds of Vowels.

clasp       small           cramp         bring           moan

grasp       stall             stamp         cling            coast

flask        fall              grand          sling            toast

graft        wall             stand           swing          roast

craft        squall          lamp           thing           roach

book        boon           stork           wad             pod

good        spoon         horse           was             rob

took        bloom         snort           wash           rock

foot         broom         short           wast            soft

hook        stool           north           what           lost

 

 

                                                                SPELLING-BOOK                                                   19

Lesson 9.

Long Sounds of Vowels under the Accent.

fa’tal             le’gal                lo’cal                cu’bit

na’tal            re’gal                fo’cal                du’el

pa’pal           re’al                 vo’cal               hu’man

pa’gan          pe’nal               o’ral                 u’nit

ba’by            ta’per               o’val                du’ly

la’dy             di’al                 to’tal                fu’ry

la’zy             tri’al                 bo’ny               ju’ry

ma’zy           fi’nal                co’ny                pu’ny

na’vy            vi’tal                go’ry                pu’pil

ra’cy             ri’val                ro’sy                hu’mid

Sa’tan           vi’al                 po’sy               tu’mid

 

Lesson 10.

Short Sounds of Vowels under the Accent.

al’um            el’der                civ’il                 cul’prit

al’to              hec’tic              dit’ty                clum’sy

can’ter          helm’et             gid’dy              dul’cet

mar’ry          fen’nel              fil’ly                 fun’nel

ral’ly            ken’nel             sil’ly                 gul’ly

nap’kin         bel’fry              liv’id                buck’et

hap’py         ed’dy                lim’it                gus’set

pan’try         en’try               lim’ber             sul’len

ram’mer       en’vy                riv’et                sum’mon

mam’mon     test’y                lin’en                hur’ry

tab’let           self ‘ish            mil’let              mul’let

 

20                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 11.

Various Sounds of A.

care         fast             charm         camp           war

mare        mast            chart           damp          warp

share       cask            lard             hand           warm

spare       mask           arm             land            ward

snare       past            yard            sand            warn

game       scar             lake             waft            fray

lame        spar            dale             raft              play

name       star             gale             chaff           gray

fame        garb            cape            aft               stay

tame        barb            shame         staff            bray

 

Lesson 12.

Various Sounds of A.

dan’ger         am’ber             lard’er              clat’ter

man’ger        ban’ter             mar’gin            flat’ter

quak’er         ban’ner            ar’dent             lat’ter

qua’ver         hand’y             ar’my               mat’ter

dra’per         man’na             art’ist               pat’ter

wa’ger          can’cer             har’vest            tat’ter

fa’vor           pan’der            par’ty               rag’ged

fla’vor          tam’per            tar’dy               rack’et

sa’vor           plan’et             ar’dor               van’ish

ma’jor          ham’per           car’pet             gal’lant

ca’per           stam’mer          gar’ment          pat’tern

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                    21

 

Lesson 13.

Various Sounds of E.

sheep           ce’dar               bet’ter              cler’gy

creep            fe’ver               fet’ter               fer’vor

sleep            tre’mor             let’ter               her’mit

sweep           ge’nus              en’ter               mer’cy

speed           se’cret              ev’er                 ser’mon

breeze           re’bus               nev’er               ser’pent

teeth             se’quel             sev’er               mer’chant

sneeze          se’quence         dex’ter             ver’bal

breed            he’ro                mem’ber           ver’dict

bleed            ze’ro                 plen’ty             per’son

freed             se’cant             ven’om             fer’ment

 

Lesson 14.

Various Sounds of I.

bird              bri’er                bib’ber             thir’ty

birch            ci’der                bit’ter               thirst’y

chirp            mi’ser               dif ‘fer             third’ly

flirt               spi’der             din’ner             birch’en

girl               vi’per               frit’ter              chirp’er

shirt             cli’ent               lit’ter                girl’ish

squirm         gi’ant               riv’er                gird’er

squirt           i’tem                shiv’er              stir’less

third             i’cy                   sil’ver               first’ly

girt               spi’ral              in’ner               birth’day

gird              i’vy                  liv’er                mirth’ful

 

22                                                    ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 15.

Various Sounds of O.

bro’ker             col’ic                cor’net             worst

clo’ver              ton’ic               cor’set              come

drov’er             top’ic               or’gan              love

gro’cer             mor’al              sor’did             dove

o’ver                com’ma            tor’pid             shoot

o’dor                dog’ged            form’al             moon

so’lar               doc’tor             for’ty               moose

po’lar               cop’per            lord’ly              tooth

pok’er              fod’der             morn’ing          gorge

home’ly            fos’ter              orb’it                most

po’em              pon’der            mor’tal             prop

 

 

Lesson 16.

Various Sounds of U.

hu’mor            but’ter              mur’der            pru’dent

ju’ror              mut’ter             mur’mur          fru’gal

tu’mor            rud’der             tur’ban             tru’ly

stu’por            shut’ter            tur’nip             tru’ant

tu’tor              suf ‘fer             tur’key             cru’et

cu’rate            sup’per            pur’port           bru’in

lu’cid              mum’my          curl’y               dru’id

stu’dent          mus’ket            fur’ry               ru’in

stu’pid            num’ber           fur’nish            ru’by

lu’nar              nut’meg            cur’vet             bru’tal

tu’mult            stut’ter             bur’den            gru’el

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK                                                     23

 

 

Lesson 17.

Various Sounds of the Vowels.

 

June            furl              husk            from            halt

dupe           hurl             musk           pomp          malt

tune            turn             rusk            romp           salt

flute            churn          stung           long            waltz

plume         hurt             pluck          song            swan

glue             curl             drunk          strong         wasp

droop          deck            chill             for               sheath

gloom         neck            drill             corn            shell

loop            next            quill            fork             shorn

hoof            text             skill             form            shout

roof             desk            spill            sort             shrub

proof          nest             frill              torch           shrug

 

24                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 18.

Words Accented on the last Syllable.

a wake’            be hest’            be hind’           re cede’

be came’          be set’              be side’            con crete’

be have’           ca det’              be tide’             com pete’

be take’           de fend’            de rive’            se crete’

e late’               de pend’           re cite’              con cede’

per vade’          re pel’              re tire’              con vene’

for sake’          at tend’             re vile’             im pede’

a bate’              con sent’          re mise’            re plete’

cre ate’            im pend’          re vive’            un seen’

es tate’             im pel’             con nive’          su preme’

re late’             com pel’           ex cite’             re lease’

 

 

Lesson 19.

be rate’            a bode’             ex pire’            a cute’

a pace’             a lone’              con fide’          a buse’

re bate’            a tone’              con fine’          con fuse’

de bate’            af ford’             con spire’        de duce’

de face’            ca jole’             po lite’             de lude’

de fame’           de pose’           re cline’            ma ture’

se date’            com pose’        re fine’             pol lute’

col late’           en force’           re pine’            pro cure’

re gale’             en robe’            re quire’           re buke’

em pale’           ex plore’          re spire’           re duce’

en gage’           ex pose’           u nite’              se clude’

en rage’            im port’           en twine’          se cure’

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                    25

 

Lesson 20.

blade           plash           bream         dress           twine

glade           clash           cream          swim           blind

grade           crash           dream         spend          grind

shade          smash         gleam          speck          spike

trade           trash           steam          fresh           smile

skate           slash           stream         whelp          while

brisk           drove          blush           cheap          carve

quilt            grove          flush           peach          farce

filth             stove           slush           teach           parse

pinch          clove           brush          reach           barge

flinch          smote          crush           bleach         large

mince          store           thrush         glean           snarl

 

Lesson 21.

ab’bey              rec’ord             pit’y                 col’ter

ab’bot              check’er           dis’tant            fo’cus

atom                ed’it                 din’gy              glo’ry

ash’es               lev’el                diz’zy               lo’cust

cap’tor             meth’od           fin’ish              mo’ment

car’rot              splen’did          gim’let              po’tent

cav’il                ves’per             spir’it               co’gent

ehap’ter           west’ern           tim’id               do’tage

chat’tel             bed’lam            pig’gin             no’ted

fath’om            des’pot             tin’sel               stor’age

gal’lon              ren’der             tip’pet              sto’ry

gal’lop             tem’pest           wit’ness           pro’test

 

26                                                          ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 22.

shake          chose          march         pine            oil

snake          prose          parch          wild            moil

baste           those           starch          mild            coil

haste           froze           larch           tile              foil

taste            force           lark             slide            soil

paste           porch          stark           glide            toil

bunch          broth           prism          spent           boy

hunch          cloth           sixth           fence           coy

lunch           froth           stint            hence          hoy

punch         moth           smith          pence          joy

plump         botch          whist           thence         toy

stump         stock           midst          whence        cloy

 

Lesson 23.

Monosyllables miscellaneously arranged.

free             clip             shelf            quest           shine

spin            hate             chide           flax             wore

shad            tape            fringe          still             think

band           race             clock           trim             marsh

pack            mire            cheek          door            booth

bath            kite             full              clung           wince

dock            bank           frock           loft              spray

gold            fell              troop          pulp            join

pipe            pink            glass           grape          friz

club             hilt              lurk             pose            brow

shop           last              cloud           zest             grace

 

                                                              SPELLING-BOOK                                                     27

 

Lesson 24.

Words in which the final e is silent.

ca’ble               nee’dle             rab’ble               bub’ble

fa’ble                Bi’ble               sam’ple             bun’dle

ga’ble               ti’tle                 sim’ple              crum’ble

sa’ble               ri’fle                 tem’ple              muf ‘fle

sta’ble              no’ble               dim’ple              muz’zle

cra’dle              fick’le               fid’dle                pud’dle

la’dle                am’ple              kin’dle               ruf ‘fle

ma’ple              ap’ple              lit’tle                 tum’ble

sta’ple              baffle               bot’tle               pur’ple

bee’tle              bat’tle              cob’ble              cir’cle

fee’ble              cat’tle               fond’le               sad’dle

Lesson 25.

an’gel               ab’sent             bish’op              blun’der

ba’sis               ac’rid               big’ot                blus’ter

ca’ter                blank’et            bil’let                 cus’tom

fla’grant           clas’sic             blis’ter               cut’ler

fra’grant           crag’gy             cin’der               cut’ter

has’ty               dam’sel            crick’et              sum’mer

ha’tred             dan’dy             fif ‘ty                sun’der

la’bel                fab’ric              fil’let                 shud’der

pa’tent             fam’ish             lim’pid              thun’der

sa’cred             fran’tic             pil’fer                tum’bler

state’ment        lath’er              pil’lar                ul’cer

va’cate             lav’ish              print’er              un’der

 

28                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

Lesson 26.

DICTATION EXERCISES.

NOTE TO TEACHERS.–These lessons are intended as exercises in the meaning as well as the spelling of words. Distinguish carefully words of similar sound, but which differ in their spelling. At the recitation the sentences should be read aloud by the teacher, and the pupils required to write them out neatly and correctly upon their slates or on the black­board.

He ate seven or eight apples. Send the pale maid with the pail of milk. He owed for the paper on which he wrote an ode to the moon. We are not quite ready for the quiet man. Age gives edge to wine. He said the idol looked like a satyr. Clever satire often rouses the idle.

Lesson 27.

Sounds of ai, ou, ow, and ea,

paid         bound         cow             cheat           head

grain        found          how            treat            dead

staid        ground        town           beast           stead

waif         hound         growl          bleat            tread

rail          mound        clown          preach         dread

flail          pound         frown          speak          thread

quail        round          crown         streak          sweat

snail        sound          drown         feast            death

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      29

Lesson 28.

Dissyllables with short Sounds of Vowels.

ad’age              fren’zy             bick’er              blos’som

bal’last             emp’ty             crit’ic               cot’ton

bant’ling          gen’try             dig’it                com’ic

can’to               mer’it               flim’sy             drop’sy

ras’cal              men’tal             flip’pant           flor’id

las’so               sher’iff             frig’id               frol’ic

an’tic                ten’dril             in’fant              gos’pel

sad’ness           vel’lum             in’gress            gos’sip

sal’ver              vel’vet              in’mate             hor’rid

sand’y              nec’tar              in’quest            jol’ly

mag’got            ves’try             in’sect              rock’et

 

Lesson 29.

Trisyllables with short Sounds of the Vowels.

bal’co ny                 del’i cate                 lib’er ate

bar’o ny                  des’o late                lim’i tate

cav’i ty                   der’o gate                im’mo late

fac’ul ty                  dev’as tate              in’di cate

grav’i ty                  em’u late                 in’ti mate

mal’a dy                 hes’i tate                 in’du rate

van’i ty                   med’i tate               in’vo cate

am’pu tate               pet’ri fy                   ir’ri tate

ab’so lute                plen’i tude              lit’i gate

al’ti tude                 rec’ti tude               mil’i tate

am’bu lance            res’o lute                 stip’u late

 

30                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

Lesson 30.

Miscellaneous Sounds.

prime               swine               straw               crawl

brawn              snore               gloss                flank

brick                charge              crow                quench

green                tinge                shark               Scotch

chest                goose               brand               thrift

space               prow                twist                flange

crank               wealth              slice                 twain

limp                 screw               throb               thrice

chess                flake                soon                flesh

finch                flash                flaw                 twelve

flung                clean                loaf                  scale

 

Lesson 31.

Long Sounds of I and U, and short Sounds of E and I.

a bide’              ac cuse’            con tend’         ad mit’

a like’               im pure’           con tent’          ad dict’

a live’               im pute’           in tend’            as sist’

a rise’               as sume’           in tent’             com mit’

de cide’            com mute’       dis sect’           con sist’

de file’              com mune’       de ject’             de pict’

de fine’             com pute’        de test’             dis till’

de ride’            con clude’        de tect’             emit’

de sire’             con fute’          in spect’           en list’

di vide’            dis pute’          ob ject’             en rich’

di vine’            en dure’           re spect’           for bid’

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                    31

 

Lesson 32.

Silent Letters.

B is silent after m and before t, and p is silent before s. The silent letters are canceled in this lesson, as they are throughout the book.

 

lamb                numb               debt                 debt’or

comb               bomb               doubt               doubt’ful

tomb                crumb              psalm              sub’tle

dumb               thumb              pshaw              psal’ter

 

DICTATION EXERCISES ON THE ABOVE.

The lamb is a dumb animal. He climbed the hill to the tomb, but his limbs became numb. Comb your hair, but do not thumb your book. Bombs are now commonly called “shells.” The debtor, who was a subtle man, doubted his word, and gave not a crumb of comfort. Take your psalter and select a joy­ous psalm. His answer was, “Pshaw!”

Lesson 33.

Sounds of igh, oa, shr, and thr.

nigh            load           coax             shrank        thrash

thigh           oats           hoax             shrewd        threat

fight            boat           oath             shrift           throng

light            oak            coach           shrike          throve

flight           foal            float             shrunk        thrust

fright           goat           poach           thrill            throat

tight            soap          hoarse          three           thrum

 

32                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 34.

Long and short Sounds of A, and short Sound of E.

gain                 a bash’             dis patch’         pre tend’

nail                  ca bal’              dis tract’          re flect’

taint                 ca nal’              ex pand’          re fresh’

trail                  cra vat’            a bet’                re lent’

aim                  de camp’          be deck’           re ject’

maim               pro tract’          be held’            re quest’

train                 re cant’            be quest’          re bel’

strain               re fract’            de fect’             re gress’

chain                re lax’              e lect’               re press’

paint                at tack’             e rect’               sub ject

quaint              at tract’            e vent’              neg’lect’

 

Lesson 35.

Short Sounds of Vowels under the Accent.

ac’ci dent              ben’e fit                dif ‘fer ent

ad’a mant             brev’i ty               dif ‘fi cult

am’i ty                  clem’en cy            fil’a ment

an’i mal                des’ti ny               in’cre ment

an’nu al                neg’li gent            in’do lent

can’is ter              pend’u lum           his’to ry

flat’ter y               rem’e dy               in’ju ry

fam’i ly                 reg’u lar                pil’lo ry

lax’i ty                  rel’e vant              sim’i lar

man’i fest             pen’i tence            tit’u lar

man’i fold             pen’e trate            tim’or ous

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                    33

 

Lesson 36.

 

SOUNDS OF THE VOWELS, DIPHTHONGS, AND CONSONANTS.

In this lesson, and in the pages immediately following, will be found forty-three exercises on the various sounds of the English language. Some of these have been given already, but are repeated here for the more thorough instruction of the pupil Let the teacher carefully discriminate between the different sounds of the vowels, and fully drill the scholars in their correct enunciation.

 

  1. Regular Long Sound of A, marked a.

make                la’tent              brave               a base’ment

safe                  cham’ber          crave                a bate’ment

gaze                 pas’try             grave               ad ja’cent

saint                man’gy             shave               a wa’ken

 

Lesson 37.

  1. Regular Short Sound of A, marked a.

span                ad’der              crack                can’di date

trap                 an’vil               gland               cal’i co

plat                  ban’ish             slack                grat’i tude

sham                bran’dy            plaid                mag’is trate

 

  1. Sound of A before r in such words as air, care, marked a.

dare                 af fair’              chair                trans par’ent

rare                  de spair’          prayer              for bear’ance

flare                 be ware’           scare                par’ent age

glare                com pare’        square              care’ful ness

Sp.3.

 

34                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 38.

  1. Sound of the Italian A, as in arm, marked a.

farm                 ar’bor               guard               ar’gu ment

harm                ar’mor              daunt               ar’ti choke

barn                 bar’ber             harsh               car’di nal

yarn                 car’go               jaunt                car’pen ter

 

  1. Sound of A in certain words before ff, ft, ss, st, sk, sp, and in a few before nce and nt, marked a, as in staff.

mass                chance             gasp                 chan’cel lor

class                pass’port         quaff                chan’cer y

vast                 mas’ter             chant               craft’i ness

task                 graft’ed            prance             ad van’tage

 

Lesson 39.

  1. Sound of broad A. as in all, marked a.

thrall                de bauch’         drawl               au’di ence

tall                   de fault’           pawn               laud’a ble

wart                 de fraud’          sprawl             plaus’i ble

awe                  as sault’           warmth            talk’a tive

 

  1. Short Sound of broad A, as in what, marked a.

wan                 wan’ton           squash             squal’id ness

wand               wan’der           squab               was’ish ly

squat               squan’der        squad               watch’ful ness

wat’ch              wal’low           swamp             what ev’er

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      35

 

 

Lesson 40.

 

  1. Regular Long Sound of E, as in eve, marked e.

feel                   fe’male             wean                de’i ty

keel                  pee’vish           these                de’cen cy

glee                  que’ry              priest               e gre’gious

deem                nei’ther            cheer                fre’quen cy

 

  1. Regular Short Sound of E, as in end, marked e.

ebb                  pen’ny             sledge,             en’e my

fret                   sec’ond            spread             rec’og nize

helm                ten’der             knelt                len’i ty

them                rec’tor              cleft                 mem’o ry

 

36                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 41.

  1. Sound of E as in there, marked e, This corresponds with the sound of a in care.

ne’er                        par terre’                 where up on’

where                      ere long’                  where un to’

there of ‘                 there by’                 where a bouts’

heir’ess                    where at’                where with al’

 

  1. Sound of E like a, as in prey, marked e.

they                        neigh’bor                 neigh’bor hood

whey                       hei’nous                  sur vey’or

freight                     o bey’                      pur vey’ance

deign                       in veigh’                  con vey’ance

 

Lesson 42.

  1. Sound of E before r, verging toward the sound of u in urge, and marked e.

term                 er’mine             terse                 ter’ma gant

pearl                ear’ly               merge               per’son al

err                    per’fect            yearn               mer’chan dise

learn                mer’cer             swerve             ser’mon ize

 

  1. Regular Long Sound of I. as in ice, marked i.

fife                   di’et                 Christ              brib’er y

crime               qui’et               spice                di’a dem

shrine              fi’at                  strive               li’a ble

thrive               pli’ant              slime                i’ci cle

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      37

 

Lesson 43.

  1. Regular Short Sound of I, as in ill, marked i.

sting                piv’ot               spring             dif ‘fi dent

bliss                 splin’ter           twitch             pin’a fore

inch                 tin’der              thick               in’fa my

strip                 wick’ed            sphinx            lit’ur gy

 

  1. Sound of I like that of long e, as in pique, marked i.

pe tite’                  fa tigue’                mag a zine’

an tique’               in trigue’               sub ma rine’

ca price’                po lice’                  ver’di gris

fas cine’                va lise’                  quar’an tine

 

Lesson 44.

  1. Sound of I before r, verging toward u in urge, marked i.

stir                   birth’right        girth                 girl’ish ness

first                  gird’le              thirst                mirth’ful ness

firm                 irk’some           firth                 thir’ti eth

skirt                 vir’gin              smirch             flirt’ing ly

 

  1. Regular Long Sound of O, as in old, marked o.

     host               po’et                   chrome            fo’lio

     smoke           to’ry                   blown              glo’ri fy

     sport             lo’cate                 scold                o’pi ate

     slope             so’lo                   droll                 po’et ry

 

38                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 45.

  1. Regular Short Sound of O, as in not, marked o.

bond            mon’ster          croft                 lon’gi tude

frost             pot’ter              sconce              prompt’i tude

lodge            lodg’ment         mosque            nom’i nate

prong           yon’der            frond               ob’li gate

 

  1. Sound of O like short u, as in dove, marked o.

month          blood’shed       sponge             cov’ert ly

glove            love’ly              tongue             cov’e nant

shove           noth’ing           flood                broth’er hood

front             cov’et               blood               moth’er Iy

 

Lesson 46.

  1. Sound of O like oo long, as in do, marked o.

whom              tour’ist             group               who ev’er

move               rou tine’           prove               shoe’-mak er

tour                 through out’    douche             en tomb’ment

shoe                 en tomb’          youth               mov’ing ly

 

  1. Sound of O like oo short, as in wolf, marked o.

wolf                 bo’som             em bo’som       wol ver ene’

would              wom’an            un bo’som       wom’an ly

could               wolf ‘ish          wom’an hood  wom’an ish

should             wolf ‘-net         worst’ed           wolf ‘ish ly

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      39

 

Lesson 47.

  1. Sound of 0 like a (broad a), as in form, marked o.

born                 tort’ure            corpse              form’al ist

horn                 fork’ed             thorn               cor’mo rant

morse’              for’mer             scorn               hor’ta tive

lorn                  for’ward           scorch              mor’ti fy

 

  1. Another mark has been added in this book to indicate a sound of O where it precedes r, as in work, marked o.

work                wor’thy            worse               wor’thi ly

word                wor’ship          world               world’li ness

worm               ef ‘fort             whorl               wor’ship er

wort                 world’ly           whort               work’ing-man

 

Lesson 48.

  1. Regular Long Sound of double 0, as in moon, marked 00.

tool                  moon’shine      groom              boor’ish ness

noon                noon’tide         school              gloom’i ly

spool               bloom’ing        soothe              room’i ness

groove             gloom’y           smooth            sooth’say ing

 

  1. Regular Short Sound of double O, as in wool, marked oo.

wool                hood’wink       brook               coop’er age

look                 look’out           crook               rook’er y

rook                 wood’land        shook              book’-bind er

hood                wool’ly            stood               crook’ed ness

 

40                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 49.

  1. Regular Long Sound of U, as in mute. marked u.

sue                   beau’ty             deuce               beau’ti ful

lieu                  feud’al              sluice               cu’ti cle

nude                cu’bic               juice                 mu’ti ny

suit                  flu’id                fugue               pu’ri ty

 

  1. Regular Short Sound of U, as in but, marked u.

lungs                slum’ber           clump              but’ter y

plush               rus’set              stunt                cus’to dy

dunce               duch’ess           skulk               1ux’u ry

trump              scuf ‘fle            young              sum’ma ry

 

Lesson 50.

  1. Sound of U when preceded by r in the same syllable, as in rude, marked u. It is the same sound as oo.

true                  ru’mor             prune               cru’di ty

crude               ru’ral                truce                rhru’ma tism

cruse                truf fle             spruce              pru’dent ly

rule                  bru’tish            cruise               pru’ri ent

 

  1. Sound of U like that of short oo, as in put, marked u.

bull                  pul’pit              ful’ly                ful fill’ment

pull                  pul’ley             bush’y              bul’le tin

put                   cush’ion           puss’y              bull’ion ist

push                bul’wark          butch’er           bush’i ness

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                    41

 

Lesson 51.

  1. Sound of U before r in such words as urge, marked u.

urge                 jour’ney           spurn               ur’gen cy

burn                 stur’geon          nurse               curl’i ness

spur                 church’man      curst                jour’nal ist

curb                 bur’gess           burst                hurt’ful ness

 

  1. Regular Long Sound of Y, as in fly, marked y.

ap ply’             ty’rant              pyre                 dy’nas ty

de ny’              hy’dra              type                 an’ti type

re ly’                ty’phus            fyke                 a sy’lum

re ply’              ty’ro                 chyme              hy e’na

 

Lesson 52.

  1. Regular Short Sound of Y, as in hymn, marked y.

pyx                  sys’tem            lymph         sym’me try

cyst                  syn’tax             nymph        syn’co pe

tymp                phys’ic             tryst            syn’dic ate

Styx                 lyr’ic                rynd            syn op’sis

 

  1. The sound of oi or oy (unmarked), as heard in oil, oyster.

oint                  re coil’             spoil                en joy’ment

voice                re joice’            moist               dis joint’ed

troy                 de stroy’          broil                 em ploy’ment

poise                em ploy’          choice              ap point’ment

 

42                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

Lesson 53.

  1. The sound of ow (unmarked), as heard in owl. When the ow is sounded as in blown, the o is marked long (blown).

howl                al low’             crowd              flow’er y

gown               en dow’            prowl               pow’er ful

cowl                 vow’el              scowl               em bow’el

down               row’el              brown              en dow’ment

  1. The diphthong ou has two leading sounds: that of ow in words derived from the Anglo-Saxon, as in out; and that of oo in words derived from the French, as in soup.

sour                 found’ling        fount                an nounce’ment

pout                 ground’less      mount              un found’ed

soup                rou lette’          croup               crou’pi er

roup                group’ing         wound             trou’ba dour

 

Lesson 54.

  1. The consonant C has two regular sounds: as soft c in cede, marked c; as hard c in cot, where it has the sound of k, and is marked c.

cives                ac’id                 trace                De cem’ber

mace                sol’ace              brace                in ces’sant

clot                  tac’tic               curd                 en act’ment

acts                  traf’fic              cave                 e lect’or

  1. The sound of N as heard in link, is marked thus, n, which is the same sound as that represented by ng.

lank                 monk’ey           drink                con’gru ous

monk               con’gress          trunk               sin’gu lar

sunk                lan’guage         conch              drunk’en ness

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                    43

Lesson 55.

  1. S bas two regular sounds: when unmarked it has its sharp or hissing sound, as in yes; when marked thus, s, it has the buzzing sound of z in zeal.

sick                  mass’y             smelt                pos sess’ive

pest                 vest’ment         gross                as sess’or

has                   a muse’            grows              re sem’ble

ease                 in fuse’             ruse                 res’o nant

  1. Ch has three sounds: unmarked (English ch), it has nearly the sound of tsh, as in child; marked thus, eh (French ch), it has the sound of sh, as in chaise; and marked thus, ch (Latin ch), it has the sound of k, as in chorus.

such                 speech’less       child                choc’o late

chef                  ma chine’         chaise              chiv’al ry

chasm              chem’ist           chrism             char’ac ter

 

Lesson 56.

  1. G has two regular sounds: marked thus, g (g hard), it has the sound of g in go; marked thus, g (g soft), it has the compound sound of j, as in gem.

gear’ing            gew’gaw           slug                  gid’di ness

gen’tile             slug’gish          crag                 guil’lo tine

gen’der             gest’ure            gibe                  gen’er al

  1. Th has two sounds: its sharp sound, as in thing, which is unmarked, and its soft sound, as in thine, marked th.

thin                  the’ist               breath              myth’ic al

thaw                the’sis              theft                 the’o ry

this                  gath’er             thine                hith’er to

than                 both’er             breathe            oth’er wise

 

44                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 57.

  1. X has three sounds: its regular sharp sound (unmarked) like ks, as in expect, and its soft or flat sound like gz, as in exist, marked x;. At the beginning of words x has the sound of z as in xebec (ze’bec).

ex’it                           ex pan’sive’               ex tra’ne ous

ex cel’                        ex’pi ate                    ex te’ri or

ex alt’                        ex am’ple                  ex ec’u tive’

ex empt’                    ex ult’ant                   ex or’di um

 

  1. Q is followed in all cases by u, and has usually the sound of kw, as in queen; but in a few words derived from the French, qu is sounded like k, as in coquette.

quack               queer’ly            quoit                qui e’tus

queen               quo’rum           quote               quo ta’tion

plaque             piqu’ant           bisque              co quet’tish

clique’              co quet’            torque              piqu’an cy

 

Lesson 58.

cas cade’          a base’             in clude’           a larm’

ex change’        a maze’            ad jure’            a far’

in flame’          a brade’            de pute’           re mark’

ob late’            cru sade’          re fuse’             de bark’

par take’          de base’           ma nure’          em bark’

ad dress’          re gret’             in ject’              ac quit’

re flex’             ex cept’            in vent’            a drift’

ar rest’             ex pect’            mo lest’            re miss’

con test’           ex pend’           op press’          be fit’

de press’          ex press’          re dress’           per sist’

 

`                                             SPELLINGBOOK.                                                       45

Lesson 59.

HOMOPHONOUS WORDS.

NOTE.–These exercises on words of similar sound, instead of being gathered into a single department, are interspersed throughout the book.

raised, lifted up.                  plait, a fold.

razed, destroyed.                  plate, flattened metal.

pries, inspects closely.         plumb, perpendicular.

prize, to value.                     plum, a fruit.

pray, to supplicate.              place, site; spot.

prey, a spoil.                        plaice, a fish.

pore, a small opening.        please, to gratify.

pour, to cause to flow.        pleas, excuses.

poll, the head.                     bell, a sounding vessel.

pole, a rod; a perch.           belle, a fine young lady.

 

Lesson 60.

bight, a bay.                        piece, a part.

bite, to seize with the teeth.         peace, quietness.

bloat, to swell.                     new, not old.

blote, to dry and smoke.      knew, did know.

board, a plank.                    gnu, a quadruped.

bored, did bore.                   limb, a branch.

bread, food.                         limn, to draw or paint.

bred, reared.                        arc, part of a circle.

blue, a color.                       ark, a vessel.

blew, did blow.                   prays, supplicates.

boar, the male swine.          praise, honor.

bore, to pierce.                     preys, spoils.

 

46                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES,

 

Lesson 61.

Words accented on the last Syllable.

ab rupt’            dis cuss’           a cross’            a gree’

an nul’             de duct’            a dopt’             a sleep’

con struct’       in duct’            a loft’               es teem’

in struct’          re but’              a non’              de cree’

in trust’            re sult’             be long’            de gree’

at tire’              in vite’             com port’        dis close’

en tice’             o blige’             re port’            dis pose’

en tire’             per spire’         con sole’          re store’

in cline’            sub lime’          re pose’            en throne’

in cite’              sur vive’           con voke’         ex plode’

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      47

 

Lesson 62.

 

DICTATION EXERCISES.

Dost consider that dust thou art? He paid the servant his hire, and the wages were higher than last year. With whoop and hurra they tore the hoop from the barrel. The mower will cut more grass to-morrow. The foreign consul took counsel with the enemy, and called a council of war. English consols are high. Kings are sometimes guilty of flagrant wrongs. Many a fragrant flower blooms unseen. He tore his clothes in a struggle to close the door. His course toward that coarse lad was wrong.

 

Lesson 63.

Words accented on the first Syllable.

con’tact        nos’tril             cur’ry                pun’gent

for’est           prod’uct           ful’crum            rus’tic

hob’by          prob’lem          hud’dle              rub’bish

loft’y            ros’ter              pub’lic               sulk’y

log’ic            tor’rent            pub’lish             sul’try

af ‘flux         bank’rupt         kin’dred            scrib’ble

am’bush       cam’phor         pick’et               trip’let

an’them        hav’oc              tick’et                trick’le

an’nals         hag’gard           wick’et              liz’ard

as’pect          hatch’et            in’voice             vil’la

 

48                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 64.

cam’bric           de’ist                cy’press           trib’al

ca’dence           e’qual               Fri’day             cri’sis

da’tive              free’dom          ice’berg            hy’drant

na’tive              need’ful            li’bel                 sci’ence

pave’ment        meet’ing           mi’grate           si’lent

duke’dom         boun’ty            pow’der           boy’hood

dur’ance           coun’ty            prow’ess          clois’ter

cu’beb              cow’ard            sound’ings       joy’ous

pu’trid             drow’sy           tow’el               loi’ter

pur’ist              fount’ain          tow’er              loy’al

 

Lesson 65.

beard          build           palm           verse           witch

crease          built            calf              search         script

eaves           squint         half             fern             guess

heave          live              talk             kern            start

leap             stick            walk            sperm         wrath

knee            cliff             chalk           serve           floor

spleen         writ             lawn            were            czar

have            bronze         daub           herb            haunch

frank           buzz            fault            strength      flaunt

slake           snatch         spawn         sneak          haunt

smack         dredge         drift            purse          sharp

clamp          church         fund            clutch          kneel

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                    49

Lesson 66.

en no’ble,              in duce’ment         a bu’sive,

e lope’ment           a cu’men               pe ru’sal

ex po’nent            ac cu’sant             pur su’ant

he ro’ic                 al lure’ment          re fus’al

pro mo’tive           a muse’ment         sul phu’ric

de tach’ment         es tab’lish             at tend’ant

dog mat’ic            fa nat’ic                as sem’blage

dra mat’ic             fan tas’tic             ap pend’ant

ec stat’ic               gi gan’tic              in tes’tate

e las’tic                 in hab’it                com’pen sate

 

Lesson 67.

cit, a citizen.                          wreak, to revenge.

sit, to rest on a seat.             reek, vapor.

duct, a channel.                    bier, a carriage for the dead.

ducked, plunged under.       beer, fermented liquor.

chuff, a clown.                      rest, quietness; ease.

chough (chuf), a bird.          wrest, to turn; to twist.

coin, metal stamped.             ring, a circle.

coigne, a corner.                   wring, to twist.

cole, a kind of cabbage.       rote, repetition.

coal, carbon.                         wrote, did write.

find, to discover.                   strait, a narrow channel.

fined, did fine; mulcted.       straight, not crooked.

prints, calicoes.                     wave, an undulation.

prince, a king’s son.             waive, to refuse.

Sp.4.

 

50                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 68.

bole, the body of a tree.          hist, hush!

bowl, a vessel.                        hissed, did hiss.

boll, a pod.                             paws, the feet of beasts.

nose, part of the face.             pause, a stop.

knows, does know.                 faun, a sylvan god.

mote, a particle.                      fawn, a young deer.

moat, a ditch.                          pride, vanity.

toled, allured.                          pried, did pry.

told, did tell.                            wain, a wagon.

tolled, did toll.                        wane, to decrease.

rein, part of a bridle.              see, to behold.

rain, falling water.                  sea, a body of water.

reign, to rule.                          si, a term in music.

 

Lesson 69.

 

a float’             post pone’        di lute’             de mure’

be low’             pro rogue’        a new’              de plume’

be moan’          dis course’       dis use’            re cruit’

be stow’           de port’            en sue’             re cluse’

de plore’          re mote’           im bue’            re fute’

a breast’           at tempt’          a bridge’           e clipse’

a head’             dis tress’          dis miss’          e vince’

be friend’         con nect’          a midst’            ex tinct’

be held’            bur lesque’       be twixt’          for give’

in flect’            de flect’            be witch’          in flict’

 

                                              SPELLING BOOK.                                                      51

 

Lesson 70.

Long Sounds of Vowels.

au stere’           de crease’         ap peal’            dis creet’

be queath’        in crease’         ap pear’           en treat’

re vere’            de mean’          ap pease’          ex treme’

be seech’          fu see’              ar rear’             gran dee’

bo hea’             re peal’            blas pheme’     im peach’

a light’             de scribe’         ac quire’           dis guise’

a wry’              de spise’          at trite’             es quire’

be guile’           pre scribe’        as sign’            ig nite’

be lie’               de cline’           de mise’           in quire’

de prive’          re quite’           com prise’       ma lign’

 

Lesson 71.

Words accented on the Penult.

a mend’ed             con tent’ed           di lem’ma

an gel’ic                re flect’ive             dis tem’per

ap pen’dix            de crep’it              do mes’tic

as sem’bly            de fend’ant           em bel’lish

as sess’ment         de mer’it               em bez’zle

pa rent’al              re fresh’ing           re dun’dant

po et’ic                 re plen’ish            a sun’der

pre sent’ed            re sent’ment          con cur’rent

pu tres’cent           re splen’dent         ef ful’gent

pre vent’ive          sur ren’der            en cum’ber

 

52                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 72.

Trisyllables with the short Sounds of the Vowels.

ac quit’tal             de liv’er                in sip’id

be nig’nant           di min’ish             in trin’sic

be wil’der             con sist’ent           ma lig’nant

com mit’ment       con tin’gent          pa cif’ic

con sid’er             e nig’ma                pro hib’it

a bol’ish                car bon’ic             em bod’y

ab hor’rent            co los’sus             har mon’ic

ad com’plish         de mol’ish             im pos’tor

ad mon’ish            a pos’tate              la con’ic

al lot’ment            des pot’ic              ma son’ic

Lesson 73.

hart, the male deer.                 hour, sixty minutes.

heart, the seat of life.              our, belonging to us.

hear, to perceive by the ear    in, within.

                                                inn, a hotel.

here, in this place.                                                                                       key, a fastener.

heard, did hear.                       quay (ke), a wharf.

herd, a drove.                          rhyme, poetry.

hie, to hasten.                          rime, white frost.

high, lofty.                               knot, a fastening of cord.

him, objective case of he.      

hymn, a song of praise.          not, negation.

hole, an opening.                    know, to understand.

whole, all; entire.                    no, not so.

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                    53

 

Lesson 74.

The Vowel in the last Syllable silent.

ba’con              sweet’en           dam’son           bit’ten

to’ken              trea’son            fat’ten              driv’en

bra’zen             weak’en           flax’en              kit’ten

ha’ven              wea’sel             glad’den           pris’on

ha’zel               height’en          hap’pen           quick’en

maid’en            light’en             mad’den           ris’en

ma’son             lik’en                rav’el               smit’ten

ra’ven              rip’en               sad’den            stiff ‘en

shak’en            tight’en            red’den             swiv’el

wea’zen            wid’en              fresh’en            writ’ten

tak’en               bro’ken            o’pen               fast’en

wak’en             clo’ven             leav’en             glis’ten

spok’en            froz’en             length’en          drunk’en

dea’con            gold’en             reck’on             mut’ton

 

Lesson 75.

The Vowel in the last Syllable not silent.

cray’on            asp’en              tal’on               glu’ten

de’mon             cab’in               wag’on             cit’ron

ci’on                 drag’on            sud’den            kitch’en

si’phon            flag’on             fel’on               mit’ten

co’lon               lin’den              lem’on              pis’ton

o’men               grav’el              mel’on              her’on

bar’rel              bev’el               chan’nel           flan’nel

par’cel              plat’en             chick’en           slov’en

 

54                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 76.

Dissyllables with the long Sounds of the Vowels.

a’gue                fa’mous            cai’tiff              ci’pher

ca’lyx               fail’ure             fra’cas              high’land

cha’os              faith’ful            gate’-way         mo’hair

dai’ly               frail’ty              name’sake        oak’um

dai’sy               game’ster         stra’tum           poul’tice

bea’dle             neat’ly              mea’sles           trea’cle

bea’ver             clear’ance         peo’ple             trea’tise

drear’y             cre’dence          le’gion              treat’ment

ea’ger               flee’cy              re’gion             twee’zers

mean’ness        greed’y             stee’ple            wea’ry

 

Lesson 77.

Words ending with ow, the last Letter being silent.

ar’row              sal’low             fel’low              win’dow

har’row            tal’1ow            mel’low            win’now

nar’row            shal’low           fal’low             wid’ow

mar’row           shad’ow           mead’ow          bor’row

spar’row          el’bow              bil’low             mor’row

Words containing ei or ie, promiscuously arranged.

grieve               re trieve’          be siege’           de ceiv’er

thieve               ag grieve’         bre vier’           de ceit’ful

ceiled               a piece’            de ceive’           dis sei’zin

pieced              con ceit’           re lief ‘             a chiev’ing

sheik                be lieve’           re lieve’            re ceiv’er

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      55

 

 

Lesson 78.

aught, any thing.                     oar, for rowing.

ought, should.                         ore, unrefined metal.

wry, crooked.                          o’er, over.

rye, a kind of grain.                ow’er, one who owes.

lead, a metal.                           adds, joins to.

led, did lead.                           adz, a joiner’s tool.

read, perused.                          ale, a liquor.

red, a color.                             ail, to feel pain.

read, to peruse.                        ate, did eat.

reed, a plant.                           eight, twice four.

all, the whole.                          ant, an insect.

awl, a sharp instrument.         aunt, a relation.

 

56                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES

 

Lesson 79.

bald, without hair.                  air, the atmosphere.

bawled, cried out.                   ere, before.

bad, ill; vicious.                       e’er, ever.

bade, past tense of bid.           heir, one who inherits.

baize, a kind of cloth.             aisle, walk in a church.

bays, plural of bay.                           isle, an island.

bear, an animal.                      I’ll, I will.

bare, naked.                             cere, to cover with wax.

bay, part of the ocean.            sear, to burn; dry.

bey, a Turkish officer.             seer, a prophet.

be, to exist.                              ball, a round body.

bee, an insect.                          bawl, to cry out.

 

Lesson 80.

gai’ter              plant’ain          shriv’el             jaun’dice

clev’er              das’tard           jos’tle               si’lex

paint’er            scab’bard         but’ton             mas’tiff

way’ward         scaf ‘fold         pic’nic              sar’casm

di’gest              sham’bles         grum’ble          tar’nish

light’ning         tran’script        hus’tle              tar’tar

por’trait           nest’ling           mur’rain           ha rangue’

nov’ice             men’ace            rum’ble            re lapse’

Tues’day          pen’ance          troub’le            pro fess’

cli’mate            shep’herd         ar’gue               re venge’

wrist’let           whole’some      pin’cers            flight’y

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                    57

 

Lesson 81.

 

DICTATION EXERCISES.

To essay the task, requires courage. The discourse was an able essay. An agent will assay the ore, and forward a receipt. Con­temn a mean act; but do not always condemn the actor. They were to seize the fort, and cease firing. They affect great grief; but do not effect their purpose. Do you dissent from my opinion? The hill was difficult of descent. A decent regard for others’ ills is human. They advise the young to take the advice of the old. The enemy will invade the rich province. They were strongly inveighed against.

Lesson 82.

ed’u cate                em’er y                      meth’od ist

eb’on y                  ex’o dus                    pen ‘i tent

ef ‘fi gy                  fel’o ny                     sen’ti nel

el’e phant              gen’e sis                    fel’low ship

em’bas sy              fed’er al                     res’i dent

ad’mi ral                can’ni bal                  myr’i ad

ag’ o ny                 fac’to ry                    slip’per y

al’i ment                gal’ler y                     min’u end

al’co hol                man’u al                    tyr’an ny

am’nes ty               par’a sol                    sym’pho ny

 

58                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES,

 

Lesson 83.

mul’ber ry            cul’ti vate             am’ulet

mus’cu lar            jus’ti fy                 an’ces try

pun’ish ment        mul’ti ply             Cal’va ry

sub’se quent         mul’ti tude            cav’al ry

sup’pli cant          sub’sti tute           mar’i gold

am’pli fy              cam’o mile            bat’ter y

grat’i fy                pan’to mime         can’o py

pac’i fy                 rad’i cal                char’i ty

rar’e fy                 pat’ron ize            chas’ti ty

sanc’ti fy              sat’el lite               maj’es ty

 

 

Lesson 84.

bail, surety.                              bold, brave.

bale, a pack of goods.             bowled, did bowl.

bait, a lure.                              bourn, a limit.

bate, to lessen.                         borne, carried.

base, low; vile.                        bow, a weapon.

bass, a part in music.              beau (bo), a man of dress.

beach, the shore.                     break, to sever by force.

beech, a kind of tree.              brake, a thicket.

beat, to strike.                          bruise, to crush.

beet, a vegetable.                    brews (bruz), does brew.

bin, a box.                               by, near.

been (bin), existed.                  buy, to purchase.

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      59

 

Lesson 85.

berth, a sleeping-place.          cast, to throw.

birth, coming into life.            caste, an order or class.

braid, to weave.                       cede, to yield.

brayed, did bray.                     seed, to sow; to scatter.

breach, a gap.                         coarse, not fine.

breech, the hinder part.          course, way; career.

broach, a spit; to pierce.         dam, mother of beasts.

brooch, an ornament.              damn, to condemn.

but, except.                              cane, a reed; a staff.

butt, a cask; a mark.               Cain, a man’s name.

call, to name.                          ceil, to line the top of

caul, a kind of net-work.         seal, a sea animal.

 

Lesson 86.

 

DICTATION EXERCISES.

The ensign would not sign the paper. His design was known. He maligned his rival, and suffered condign punishment. A benign face. He was arraigned after the campaign. He deigned not to feign surprise. Squirrels gnaw the bark. He affirmed it with phlegm. The knight carried a knapsack. He had a knack for rhymes. She knew how to knead the dough. They cut the knot with a knife. The curfew tolls the knell of parting day. The knave had hard knuckles, but little knowledge.

 

60                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES,

 

Lesson 87.

Sounds of O and U.

con’dor            sol’id                or’ange             spon’dee

doc’trine          loz’enge            os’trich            toc’sin

cos’tive            of’fal                pomp’ous        jock’ey

fos’sil               of ‘fice             pon’tiff            mot’ley

frost’y              ol’ive                prom’ise          nos’trum

ton’nage           nov’el               cum’brous        buck’le

won’der           boot’y              cus’tard            bus’tle

won’drous       move’ment       flour’ish           dud’geon

wont’ed            stuc’co             hun’dred          dun’geon

wor’ry              buz’zard           hus’band          lunch’eon

 

Lesson 88.

Short Sounds of Vowels.

doub’le             bed’stead         eb’on                fend’er

knuck’le           cher’ub             eph’od             heav’y

nour’ish           cres’cent           es’sence            heif ‘er

south’ ern        crev’ice            eth’ics              jeal’ous

frus’trate          dex’trous         feath’er            jel’ly

rep’tile             ster’ile              brim’stone       ab’bess

ref ‘use            ves’tige            dic’tate             ad’junct

sen’tence          wed’lock          frig’ate             dag’ger

skep’tic            Wednes’day     pil’lage             bram’ble

speck’le            zeal’ous            trib’ute             cal’lous

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      61

 

Lesson 89.

cell, a small room.                   cart, a vehicle.

sell, to barter away.                 carte, a bill of fare.

cent, a small coin.                    dear, costly; beloved.

sent, did send.                          deer, an animal.

scent, odor; smell.                    due, owing; fit.

chased, did chase.              dew (du), moisture ondensed.

chaste, pure.

clause, part of a sentence.        doe, the female deer.

claws, the nails of a beast.      dough, unbaked paste.

cord, a small rope.                   dram, a glass of spirits.

chord, musical tones               drachm, a small weight.

             in hamony                   fane, a temple.

cote, a pen; a fold.                   fain, gladly.

coat, an outer garment.            feign, to pretend.

 

Lesson 90.

be speak’         ab solve’          ad judge’          in dulge’

nan keen’         de volve’          be grudge’        re pulse’

im plead’         dis solve’         sub duct’          suc cumb’

con ceal’          re solve’           be numb’         af front’

con geal’          re spond’         con vulse’        a mong’

re frain’            re print’           re proach’        re take’

re main’           re strict’           en croach’        re trace’

re strain’          re sist’              pa trol’             re pay’

re tain’             sub mit’           pa role’            de lay’

re tail’              dis tinct’          be fore’            al lay’

 

62                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 91.

dust, powdered earth.             day, twenty-four hours.

dost, second person of do.     dey, a Turkish title.

earn, to gain by labor.            ewe (yu), a female sheep.

urn, a kind of vase.                 you, the person spoken to.

ern, the sea-eagle.

die, to expire.                          yew (yu), a kind of tree.

dye, to color.                           eye, the organ of sight.

draught (draft), drawing         I, myself.

                                                ay, yes.

draft, a bill of exchange.         aye, an affirmative vote.

dun, a dark color.                   flee, to run away.

done, performed.                     flea, an insect.

fate, destiny.                            flew (flu) , did fly.

fete, a festival.                         flue, a passage for smoke.

 

Lesson 92.

ag’ile                hack’ney          pas’sive           bis’cuit

al’oes               knap’sack        prac’tice           fil’bert

dac’tyl              lad’der             rab’id               im’age

fash’ion            lat’tice              rap’id               im’pulse

gal’ley              lan’cet              tac’tics             mil’dew

bit’tern             crys’tal             crim’son           kid’ney

brisk’et            dis’tance          grid’dle            lin’tel

cis’tern             dis’taff             live’long           liq’uid

chim’ney          dwin’dle           gyp’sy              liq’uor

chis’el              pick’le              hith’er              rid’dance

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      63

 

Lesson 93.

 

slui’cy              bol’ster            cer’tain             driz’zle

jui’cy                court’ship        sur’ly               tick’le

stew’ard           fro’ward           sur’geon           twink’le

jew’el               co’coa              ear’nest            thim’ble

neu’tral            nose’gay          jour’nal            vil’lain

cor’ner             gor’gon            au’dit               so’da

cor’sair            lord’ship          caus’tic            so’fa.

corse’let           mor’bid            awk’ward         so’ber

for’feit              mort’gage         gaud’y              sto’ic

gor’geous         mor’sel             lau’rel              to’paz

 

Lesson 94.

 

DICTATION EXERCISES.

The awl is used by all shoe-makers. He said that he would do aught that he ought to do. The man who stole the bale of goods gave bail. The Bey rode a bay horse around the bay. Deer break through the brake and brush. He had just lain down in the narrow lane. The horse with the long mane ran through the main street of a town in Maine. Which of the pair of fine pears will you pare for the child? The joiner’s plane will smooth the plain door. You can rein your horse, if it should rain. The kings reign wisely.

 

64                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 95.

bal’us trade          fab’ri cate             bev’er age

al’ka li                  gal’ax y                cher’u bim

al’ka line               mas’to don           dem’o crat

ap’o gee                mack’er el            den’i zen

al’i quot                mar’i ner               den’si ty

as’ter isk               par’a graph           ex’or cist

az’i muth              par’al lax              ed’i fy

bach’e lor             par’a gon              em’a nate

cal’a bash             par’a pet               em’pha size

cal’a mus              par’a phrase         ep’i cure

 

Lesson 96.

fir, a kind of tree.                    fort, a stronghold.

fur, soft hair.                           forte, one’s strong point.

faint, weak; languid.               forth, forward.

feint, a pretense.                     fourth, the next after third.

fair, clear; handsome.            

fare, food; cost of passage.     frays, quarrels.

                                                phrase, part of a sentence,

feet, plural of foot.                  fore, toward the front.

feat, an exploit.                       four, twice two.

floe, a large piece of ice.        foul, impure.

flow, a current.                       fowl, a bird.

flour, ground wheat.               freeze, to become ice.

flow’er, a blossom.                  frieze, a kind of cloth.

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      65

 

Lesson 97.

ex’pe dite’             ped’i ment            cur’ren cy

hel’le bore            pel’i can               ful’some ly

per’i gee                pet’u lant              nul’li ty

reg’i cide              rec’om pense        sub’si dy

rec’on dite’           spher’ic al            sub’ter fuge

fif’ti eth                syn’o nym            con’ju gate

mir’a cle               tyr’an nize            con’tro vert

nim’ble ness         witch’er y             con’se crate

rig’or ous             wil’der ness          cor’o net

ris’i ble                 whim’si cal           dom’i nant

 

 

Lesson 98.

ar’bi trate             hard’i hood           for’mu la

ar’ma ment           har’le quin            gor’mand ize

ar’mis tice             car’ni val              or’der ly

ar’chi tect             car’bon ate           or’di nal

arch’er y               gar’den er             or’di nate

bar’ba rism           gar’ni ture            or’phan age

dec’i mal              met’a phor           crit’i cism

des’pot ism           ed’it or                 cyl’in der

em’pha sis            sen’a tor               mys’ter y

ep’i taph               ser’a phim            mys’ti fy

leth’ar gy              spec’i men            phys’ic al

pen’ta teuch          spec’u late            typ’i fy

Sp. 5.

 

66                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

 

 

Lesson 99.

Short and long Sounds of the Vowels.

but’ler              com’mon          dis’mal             blem’ish

buck’ler            dog’ma             dis’trict            elem’ent

cud’gel             dol’phin           mim’ic              cher’ry

judg’ment         hos’tile             mis’sive           cred’it

snuff ‘ers         mod’ern           syn’od              em’bers

bond’age          con’vent           cli’max             aid’ance

cot’tage            soph’ist            fi’brous            bail’iff

for’age             sor’rel              hy’brid             base’ment

hos’tage           stop’ple           hy’men             brace’let

pros’trate         tod’dy              hy’phen           brave’ly

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      67

Lesson 100.

furs, skins with soft hair.        groan, a deep sigh.

furze, a prickly shrub.            grown, increased.

gage, to pledge.                       gall, bile.

gauge, to measure.                  Gaul, old name of France.

gate, door; entrance.               gild, to overlay with gold.

gait, manner of walking.         guild, a corporation.

gilt, adorned with gold.          gloze, to smooth over.

guilt, crime.                             glows, shines.

great, large; vast.                    guest, a visitor.

grate, a range of bars.            guessed, did guess.

grease, soft fat.                        hale, sound; healthy.

Greece, a country.                   hail, frozen rain.

 

Lesson 101.

a lert’               ex pert’            sub vert’          re move’

as sert’             in ert’               su perb’           a do’

a ver’               in fer’               ab surd’           a loof ‘

a vert’              in sert’             re cur’              bal loon’

con cern’          in vert’             de mur’            buf foon’

per vert’           pre fer’             dis turb’           hal loo’

a vail’               re claim’           dis play”          be fall’

a wait’              ab stain’           en tail’             re call’

de cay’             ac quaint’         ob tain’            en thrall’

de claim’          af fray’             con tain’          re sort’

de fray’            as suage’          per suade’        as sort’

pre vail’           block ade’        a broad’           be sought’

 

68                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 102.

al’pha              pad’lock           ad’dle               hon’ey

an’ise               plac’id              bar’rack           com’fort

brack’et            Sab’bath          man’date          moth’er

dam’ask           saf ‘fron           man’ly             oth’er

mad’der           stag’nant          stag’nate          smoth’er

clos’et              con’trite           cher’ish            ves’tal

com’ment         oc’tave             den’tist             leg’ate

con’course       vol’ume            fresh’et             mem’brane

con’text            bon’fire            rel’ish               mes’sage

con’vex            con’quer           rem’nant          res’cue

 

Lesson 103.

flout                 a fresh’             fir’kin               a’er ate’

meant              con temn’        serv’ile             la’i ty

wren                con tempt’       skir’mish          de’vi ous

quick               com mand’      ster’ling            re’al ize

solve                com mence’     sur’feit             re’qui em

wrong              com mend’       ur’gent             co’gen cy

quince              com pact’        fur’lough          no’ti fy

shrimp             com plaint’      jas’mine           po’ten cy

cause               es tray’            lack’ey             o’ri ole

gauze               ap proach’       latch’et             o’ri ent

quoin               cor rode’          mat’in              jo’vi al

squaw              cur tail’            scat’ter             vo’ta ry

cross                re pute’            sav’age             zo’di ac

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      69

 

Lesson 104.

DICTATION EXERCISES.

I accept all your presents except the last. His joy was in excess, at the news of his access to fortune. Though your terms exceed my ex­pectations, I must accede to them. The best cosmetic is air and exercise. He pretended to exorcise evil spirits. Both assent to go up the ascent. He was indicted for inditing a false letter. Champagne is made in France. The soldiers crossed the champaign. The law will levy a tax to build a levee. The levee was held at the mayor’s residence. The senior brother was addressed as seignior.

 

Lesson 105.

cer’ti fy                 for’ti fy                 cog’ni zance

fer’ti lize               for’ti tude             con’ju gal

herb’al ist             fort’u nate            glob’u lar

serv’i tude            or’di nance           or’i gin

ter’mi nate            or’gan ism            hom’i ly

fer’ven cy             ar’bi ter                af ‘flu ent

mer’cu ry             ar’ter y                  bal’us ter

nurs’er y               har’mo ny             bar’ri er

per’fi dy               lar’ce ny               bar’ris ter

per’ju ry               har’mo nize          car’ri on

 

70                                           ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 106.

Words accented on the first Syllable.

cler’ic al               fes’ti val               li’bra ry

el’e gy                  eth’ic al                like’li hood

em’i grant            her’ald ry              mi’cro cosm

em’per or             her’e tic                mi’cro scope

ep’i gram              her’o ism              ni’tro gen

pa’pa cy                di’a lect                 ped’ant ry

fla’gran cy            di’a gram              ped’es tal

fra’gran cy           di’a ry                   med’i cine

ra’di ance             fin’er y                  lex’i con

sla’ver y               i’vo ry                   sed’u lous

main’te nance       pli’a ble                quer’u lous

 

Lesson 107.

Monosyllables representing different Sounds.

stray           sleet            strike          trope           curse

ache            fleece          trite            grope           hearse

bathe           steer            splice          broke           purge

lathe            speech         stripe          stroke          scourge

plaint          sphere         tithe            cloak           verge

brain           fief              yield            crock           squeal

slave           field            fierce         block           league

quake          thief            pierce          flock           plead

stave           fiend           tierce          shock           squeak

plague         shriek          niece          mock           heath

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      71

Lesson 108.

SYNTHETIC EXERCISES.

Make Sentences containing the following Words.

bough, a branch of a tree.      grieves, laments.

bow, to bend.                          greaves, armor for the legs.

brute, a beast.                         hew (hu), to cut; to chop.

bruit, to noise abroad.            hue, a color; dye.

cite, to summon.                      Hugh, a man’s name.

site, a situation.                       kill, to deprive of life.

sight, the sense of seeing.       kiln, a large oven.

climb, to ascend.                     leaf, of a tree or book.

clime, climate; region.           lief, willingly; gladly.

core, the inner part.                maze, an intricate place.

corps, a body of soldiers.        maize, Indian corn.

creek, a narrow inlet.             mean, low; middle point.

creak, a grating noise.            mien, air; manner.

 

Lesson 109.

Miscellaneous Sounds.

bul’let              coop’er            nor’mal            pre cise’

bull’y               wool’en            or’phan            pre side’

bull’ock            cool’ly              tor’por             pro scribe’

bul’rush           scoun’drel        quar’ter            com mode’

bush’el             bal’sam            ac claim’          en gross’

bull’ion            squad’ron        o paque’           con sume’

crup’per           war’rant           sca lene’           pre sume’

cuck’oo            quad’rant         se cede’            be dew’

 

72                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 110.

false            naught        pitch           batch           edge

quart           sought         flitch           match          hedge

sward          bought        stitch           hatch           ledge

swarm         bright          fitch            latch            wedge

thwart         plight          hitch           patch          fledge

bilge            budge          fosse           breadth       twinge

bridge         judge           thong          breast          print

ridge           drudge        notch          cleanse        fling

hinge           grudge         blotch         friend          string

cringe          plunge         prompt       knell            swift

 

Lesson 111.

hall, a large room.                  hoop, a ring; a band.

haul, to drag by force.            whoop, to make a noise.

hay, dried grass.                     hied, made haste.

hey! an exclamation.              hide, to conceal.

hare, an animal.                      hoard, to lay up.

hair, of the head.                     horde, a tribe.

heal, to cure.                           hoes, plural of hoe.

heel, hinder part of the foot.  hose, stockings.

                                                jam, a conserve of fruit.

hire, wages.                             jamb, the sidepiece of a

high’er, more high.                          door or fireplace.

hoe, a farming tool.                knead, to work dough.

ho! an exclamation.                need, want.

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      73

Lesson 112.

faith            theme          length          sor’row       sol’emn

scrape         chime          launch         dur’ing        hire’ling

strange        whilst          morgue       gib’bet         tres’pass

greet            smart          pledge         bod’kin       shil’ling

perch          badge          gourd          gos’ling       mat’tock

champ         dodge          schist          lob’by         ram’part

drench         brawl          flounce        tan’sy          tran’quil

squeeze       dwarf          screech        lock’et         cun’ning

grist            yawl            spasm         van’dal        her’ring

shrink         grant           starve          ex’tra          drug’gist

copse          spunk         scalp           cut’lass        spon’sor

 

Lesson 113.

knight, a title of honor.          lee, the sheltered side.

night, time of darkness.           lea, a meadow; field.

knave, a wicked person.         lie, to deceive.

nave, hub of a wheel.              lye, water passed through

                                                         ashes.

loan, any thing lent.                links, parts of a chain.

lone, solitary.                          lynx, an animal.

knap, a small protuberance.   loch, a lake.

nap, a short sleep.                   lough (lok), a lake.

lac, a kind of gum.                  lock, to fasten a door.

lack, to want; need.                lax, loose; vague.

laid, placed.                             lacks, wants; needs.

lade, to load.                           lacs, plural of lac.

 

74                                                       ECLECTIC SERIES:

Lesson 114.

Words containing I consonant, sounded like Y consonant; as alien, pronounced al’yen.

al’ien                     on’ion                   bat tal’ion

sav’ior                  bil’ious                 pe cul’iar

pan’nier                brill’iant                re bell’ion

un’ion                   fil’ial                     dis un’ion

sen’ior                  mill’ion                 o pin’ion

jun’ior                   pill’ion                  do min’ion

gal’liard                pin’ion                  com mun’ion

span’iel                 trill’ion                 mut’u al

val’iant                 coll’ier                  punc til’io

bill’iards               pon’iard                punc til’ious

bill’ion                  ruff ‘ian                ver mil’ion

In’dian                  Chris’tian             aux il’ia ry

 

Lesson 115.

The following words, according to the analogy of the En­glish language, should he spelled with the termination er, with the exception of the last word of each line.

cen’ter              mi’ter               spec’ter            sep’ul cher

fi’ber                ni’ter                o’cher               the’a ter

lus’ter              som’ber            mau’ger            ma neu’ver

mea’ger            sa’ber               um’ber             cal’i ber

me’ter              scep’ter            om’ber             ac cou’ter

a’cre                 na’cre               lu’cre                mas’sa cre

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      75

 

Lesson 116.

In the following words, ng is pronounced as if the g were doubled; as anger, pronounced ang’ger.

an’ger               lan’guor           jin’gle               youn’ger

an’gle               lan’guid            min’gle             con’ger

an’gry              man’gle            sin’gle              bun’gler

an’guish           man’go             tin’gle               hun’ger

clan’gor            san’guine         din’gle              hun’gry

dan’gle             span’gled         lon’ger             wran’gler

fan’gled            span’gle           lon’gest            fin’ger

jan’gle              tan’gle              stron’ger          lan’guish

ban’gle             wran’gle           bun’gle             un’guent

 

 

76                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

Lesson 117.

In the following, S has the sound of sh as sure, (pro. shure).

sure’ly            cen’sure           fis’sure             is’su ance

sure’ness         press’ure          ton’sure           as sur’ance

sure’ty            is’sue               as sure’            in sur’ance

sug’ar             tis’sue              in sure’            in sur’er

The following words are spelled, according to analogy, with the termination se.

con dense’      dis pense’        im mense’        pre tense’

de fense’         ex pense’         of fense’           sus pense’

re cense’         in cense’           pre pense’        li’cense

 

Lesson 118.

lane, a narrow passage.          main, chief

lain, past participle of lie.      mane, hair on the neck

                                                            of  a horse.

                                                mail, armor.

lapse, to fall.                           male, masculine.

laps, plural of lap.                  mark, a sign.

leak, to run out.                      marque, letters of reprisal.

leek, a kind of onion.              mead, a drink.

lo! behold!                               meed, reward.

low, not high.                          meet, fit; proper.

lore, learning.                          mete, to measure.

low’er, more low.                    meat, food in general.

maid, a maiden.                      might, strength; power.

made, finished.                        mite, a small insect.

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      77

 

Lesson 119.

mode’, way; manner.              nay, no.

mowed, cut down.                  neigh, to cry as a horse.

mule, an animal.                     nit, egg of an insect.

mewl (mul), to squall.            knit, to unite.

mist, fine rain.                        gneiss, a kind of mineral.

missed, did miss.                    

more, a greater quantity.        nice, delicate; fine.

mow’er, one who mows.         owe, to be bound.

muse, to meditate.                   oh! alas!

mews (muz), an inclosure.     ode, a poem.

                                                owed, indebted.

none, not one.                         one (wun), a single thing.

nun, a religious woman.         won, gained.

 

Lesson 120.

a mal’gam ate                cheese         e man’ci pate

as sas’sin ate                  dirt              e rad’i cate

ca pac’i tate                   bleak           e vac’u ate

co ag’u late                    goad            a ban’don ment

con cat’e nate                 slouch         in fat’u ate

con fab’u late                 gone            in val’i date

con grat’ulate                 scarf            be at’i fy

con tam’i nate                nerve           pro cras’ti nate

de cap’i tate                   raid             re tal’i ate

e jac’u late                     graze           e vap’o rate

e lab’o rate                     stale            pre var’i cate

 

78                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

Lesson 121.

cir’cus                   ca pac’i ty            an’a gram

cur’few                 com par’i son       am’bi ent

cur’tain                 com par’a tive      al’li gate

fer’tile                   com pat’i ble        cal’a mine

fer’vid                   con cav’i ty          hal’cy on

fur’nace                de clar’a tive        Jes’u it

fur’long                 di ag’o nal            ped’i gree

mer’maid              di am’e ter            reg’is ter

nerv’ous               dog mat’ic al        rev’el ry

pur’chase              em bas’sa dor       skep’tic al

sur’face                 de prav’i ty           ver’i ly

 

Lesson 122.

In words like the following, sier, zier, sure, zure, su, sion, and sia are pronounced zhur, zhur, zhu, zhun, and zha.

bra’sier                 em bra’sure          cas’u al ly

gla’zier                  e ras’ure               cas’u ist ry

gra’zier                 e va’sion               treas’ur er ship

ras’ure                  in va’sion             us’u al ly

seiz’ure,                per sua’sion          pleas’ur a ble

ho’sier                  ad he’sion             meas’ur a ble

o’sier                    co he’sion             oc ca’sion al

fu’sion                  am bro’sia            pro vis’ion al

az’ure,                   dis clos’ure           u su’ri ous

meas’ure               ex plo’sion           dis com pos’ure

pleas’ure               col lu’sion            in de cis’ion

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK                                                       79

 

Lesson 123.

SYNTHETIC AND DICTATION EXERCISES.

brid’al, belonging to a bride.  met’al, a substance.

                                                met’tle, spirit.

bri’dle, a check; a curb.          vice, defect; fault.

les’son, a task for recitation.  vise, an instrument.

                                                wail, to lament.

less’en, to make less.               wale, to mark with stripes.

 

Filled with choler, he seized the youth by the collar. The priest filled the censer. He is a censor of the press. The ship took divers persons as divers for pearls. The plaintiff assumed a plaintive air. To lessen the number of exercises, will make an easier lesson.

 

Lesson 124.

scrive’ner              friv’o lous            fru gal’i ty

slug’gard               im’age ry              gram mat’ic al

stub’born              in’di go                 hi lar’i ty

sub’urbs               in’sti gate              hu man’i ty

symp’tom             liq’ui date             in hab’it ant

med’ley                 pil’grim age          i ras’ci ble

peas’ant                fish’er y                le gal’i ty

pheas’ant              hick’o ry               lo cal’i ty

pen’sive                in’ter est               lo quac’i ty

pres’ence              mit’ti mus             men dac’i ty

read’y                   min’strel sy          ra pac’i ty

 

80                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 125.

NOTE.–These words are not exactly alike in sound, and should be carefully distinguished.

as sist’ance, help; relief           rab’bit, an animal.

as sist’ants, helpers.                 rab’bet, a term in carpentry.

de vis’er, an inventor.          

di vi’sor, a term in                  lin’e a ment, a feature.

             Arithmetic.                 lin’i ment, an ointment.

def ‘er ence, respect.               prin’ci pal, chief

dif ‘fer ence, variation.           prin’ci ple, rule of action.

in gen’u ous, open; free.         li’ar, one who tells lies.

in gen’ious, having skill.         lyre, a kind of harp.

 

Lesson 126.

 

DICTATION EXERCISES ON THE ABOVE.

His assistants gave him great assistance. He was the deviser of the machine. Which is the larger, the divisor or the quotient? This difference being settled, he will pay due deference to your opinion. The ingenious me­chanic was also an ingenuous man. Not a lineament could be recognized by his friends. Apply to the wound a healing liniment. The principal in the agreement was devoid of moral principle. Though a great liar, he could play upon the lyre. The rabbit was tame. The carpenter will rabbet the boards.

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK                                                     81

Lesson 127.

In words like the following, U should receive its proper con­sonant sound; as nature, pronounced nat’yur.

nat’ure             sig’na ture       ag’ri cult ure

creat’ure           sep’ul ture       leg’is la ture

feat’ure            fur’ni ture        ar’chi tect ure

fut’ure              for’feit ure       tem’per a ture

capt’ure           lig’a ture          lit’er a ture

rapt’ure            ap’er ture         flo’ri cult ure

text’ure            quad’ra ture     ju’di ca ture

pict’ure            ad vent’ure       hor’ti cult ure

script’ure         con ject’ure      man u fact’ure

Lesson 128.

pail, a wooden vessel.             Paul, a man’s name.

pale, not bright.                      pall, a covering.

pear, a fruit.                            pique, to give offense.

pare, to cut thin.                      peak, the top.

pair, a couple.                         peer, a nobleman.

raze, to pull down.                  pier, a wharf

raise, to lift up.                       quartz, a kind of rock.

rays, beams of light.               quarts, measures.

pain, uneasiness.                     plain, smooth.

pane, a square of glass.          plane, a surface; tool.

peel, rind; skin.                       quire, twenty-four sheets of

peal, a sound of bells.                        paper

port, a harbor.                        choir (kwir), a band of

Porte, a Turkish court.                                          singers.

Sp.6.

 

82                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 129.

X with the sound of gz; as exact, pronounced egz act’.

ex act’                   ex act’ly                ex ag’g’er ate

ex ist’                   ex am’ine              ex an’i mate

ex ult’                   ex em’plar            ex as’per ate

ex hale’                 ex er’tion              ex ec’u trix

ex haust’               ex hib’it                ex hil’a rate

ex ert’                   ex ist’ence             ex on’er ate

ex hort’                 ex ist’ent               ex em’pli fy

ex ude’                  ex ot’ic                 ex or’bi tant

ex ergue’               ex haust’ive          ux o’ri ous

 

Lesson 130.

Ti has often the sound of sh: followed by on, it is pronounced shun.

na’tion                  ces sa’tion            de vi a’tion

pa’tient                 col la’tion             dep re da’tion

fac’tious                cre a’tion              des per a’tion

frac’tious              dic ta’tion             lib er a’tion

sta’tion                 do na’tion             me di a’tion

lo’tion                   du ra’tion             mod er a’tion

mo’tion                 e qua’tion             nu mer a’tion

no’tion                  tes ta’tion             op er a’tion

po’tion                  for ma’tion           tol er a’tion

por’tion                frus tra’tion          trep i da’tion

quo’tient               gra da’tion            val u a’tion

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK                                                       83

 

Lesson 131.

Other examples in which final tion is pronounced shun.

men’tion               ab strac’tion         ed u ca’tion

sec’tion                 at trac’tion            em ula’tion

frac’tion                de trac’tion           ex cla ma’tion

dic’tion                 dis trac’tion          ex pec ta’tion

fic’tion                  ex trac’tion           ex por ta’tion

fric’tion                 in frac’tion            fer men ta’tion

junc’tion               pro trac’tion         gen er a’tion

ac’tion                  re frac’tion            grav i ta’tion

cap’tion                re trac’tion            hab i ta’tion

op’tion                  con trac’tion         il lus tra’tion

fac’tion                 sub trac’tion         im por ta’tion

 

Lesson 132.

Examples in which sci, ti, and ci have the sound of sh.

auc’tion                au da’cious           ab er ra’tion

cau’tion                ca pa’cious           ad mi ra’tion

cau’tious               ve ra’cious            ad o ra’tion

gla’cial                  fal la’cious            ad u la’tion

gra’cious               fu ga’cious            ag gra va’tion

spa’cious              lo qua’cious          ap pli ca’tion

Gre’cian                ra pa’cious            ap pro ba’tion

spe’cious              sa ga’cious            prep a ra’tion

par’tial                  te na’cious            pres er va’tion

con’science           vi va’cious            proc la ma’tion

spe’cie                  vo ra’cious           prof a na’tion

 

84                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 133.

Ci, ce, and si with the sound of sh.

spe’cies             ju di’cial               ac ces’sion

o’cean               lo gi’cian               com pres’sion

so’cial               ma gi’cian             de clen’sion

spe’cial              mu si’cian             ex pres’sion

cru’cial              tac ti’cian              im pres’sion

pre’cious           op ti’cian              op pres’sion

pas’sion            pa tri’cian             pre ten’sion

man’sion           phy si’cian            suc ces’sion

pen’sion            pro vin’cial           trans gres’sion

ten’sion             fi nan’cial             ad mis’sion

tor’sion             om nis’cient          con cus’sion

 

 

Lesson 134

DICTATION EXERCISES.

 

They propose to alter the place of the altar. He cast his ballot for mayor. The ballet dancer and the ballad singer arrived. The wine seller lived in a cellar. He said that the cymbal was a symbol of music. They sent an arrant rogue on the errand. His manner of conducting the manor did not suit the lord. The prophet of Mammon foretold great profit. The relics of the kingdom were saved by the relict of the king. The stature of the statue of Liberty is fixed by statute.

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      85

 

Lesson 135.

rack, an engine of torture.    write, to make letters.

wrack, a sea-plant.               wright, a workman.

rap, to strike.                         roe, eggs of a fish.

wrap, to roll together.          row, to impel with oars.

reck, to heed; to care.          rose, a flower.

wreck, destruction.               rows, does row.

rice, a kind of grain.             roes, plural of roe.

rise, increase; ascent.           sees, beholds.

rite, a ceremony.                   seas, large bodies of  water.

right, not wrong.                   seize, to lay hold of

Lesson 136.

OF AFFIXES.

Many words are formed by adding something to the end of another word. The added part is called an affix; as ly, added to man, forms manly. In this, and the following seventeen les­sons, the more common affixes are indicated.

Plurals formed by adding s to the Singular.

roofs                so’los               ty’ros               al bi’nos

hoofs               ha’los               jun’tos             me men’tos

scarfs               las’sos              can’tos             oc ta’vos

truths               ze’ros               quar’tos           si roc’cos

Plurals formed by adding es to the Singular.

ech’oes                  to ma’toes             po ta’toes

car’goes                mu lat’toes           bra va’does

mot’toes               vol ca’noes           por’ti coes

grot’toes               mos qui’toes         vi ra’goes

 

86                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 137.

Words in which f and fe are changed into ves in the Plural: as, leaf, leaves; wife, wives.

beeves         lives            thieves        calves           our selves’ sheaves       wives wolves halves         them selves’ leaves        knives          loaves        shelves        your selves’

 

Words in which Y final is changed into ies in the Plural.

skies                la’dies              to’ries              gro’cer ies

spies                du’ties              can’dies            for’ger ies

cries                 beau’ties          tro’phies          gal’ler ies

 

Lesson 138.

Words ending in Y which form the Plural by adding a.

toys                 chim’neys        al’leys              at tor’neys

drays               val’leys            pul’leys            Sat’ur days

buoys              mon’eys           tur’keys           hol’i days

whys                jour’neys          mon’keys         cor du roys’

 

Words in which the Plurals are formed irregularly. As the Plural only is given, the teacher might require the pupil to ascertain the Singular, and to spell it.

mice            cri’ses          ter’mi ni               { kine, cows }

chil’dren      neb’u lae     a lum’ni                { staves, staffs}

ver’te brae  { broth’ers,breth’ren }             { pease, peas}

stra’ta         syn op’ses   geese                     { dies, dice}

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      87

 

 

Lesson 139.

Ing signifies continuing to; as talking, continuing to talk. The following words, in taking their suffix, double the final letter. The last letter is doubled when the word ends with a single consonant preceded by a single vowel.

 

plan’ning         win’ning           stop’ping         a bet’ting

fret’ting            blot’ting           gun’ning           re bel’ling

bid’ding           rob’bing           shut’ting          o mit’ting

 

Other words ending with consonants, which do not double the final letter.

act’ing               fail’ing            mean’ing          ex pand’ing

land’ing             rain’ing           coax’ing           con sent’ing

build’ing            sail’ing            suit’ing             vis’it ing

 

88                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

Lesson 140.

Words ending in e silent, generally drop the e in adding ing.

mak’ing            seiz’ing             rul’ing              ex pir’ing

nam’ing            forc’ing            lin’ing              re fus’ing

plagu’ing          hedg’ing           squeez’ing        in trigu’ing

ach’ing             writ’ing            schem’ing         alleg’ing

The final e is retained when it is necessary to prevent a change of pronunciation, or to maintain the identity of a word.

hoe’ing                  shoe’ing                change’a ble

toe’ing                  singe’ing               trace’able

tinge’ing                dye’ing                  peace’a ble

foe’man                blue’ness               charge’a ble

Lesson 141.

Ed, as a suffix, generally signifies did. In words like the following the e in ed is silent, and the wards, though of two and three syllables, are pronounced in one and two.

blazed              wedged            boiled              be reaved

drained            solved              coiled               be sieged’

hailed               called               soiled               blas phemed’

lamed               hauled              bowed              ac quired’

paved              mauled             crowned           con trol1ed’

stowed             warmed           plowed            a bused’

saved               warned            roused             ac cused’

feared              warped            scoured            com muned’

flowed             proved             soured             con fused’

glued                shoved             dodged             de coyed’

begged             loved               filled                en joyed’

 

                                              SPELLING·BOOK.                                                      89

 

Lesson 142.

In words like the following, ed is pronounced as t; and, al­though of two and three syllables, the words are pronounced in one and two.

graced              fixed                es caped’          at tacked’

scraped            mixed              em braced’       con fessed’

cracked            boxed              en grossed’      op pressed’

In other words formed by the affix ed, the last letter is doubled in words of one syllable, or in words accented on the last syllable, when they end with a single consonant preceded by a single vowel; as, wed, wed’ded. If the word ends in any other consonant than d or t, the e in ed becomes silent, and the two syllables become one; as, hem, hemmed, pronounced hemd.

 

jut’ted              shunned           com pelled       o mit’ted

fret’ted             tapped             e quipped’       im bed’ded

fit’ted               rubbed             de murred’       com mit’ted

 

Lesson 143.

Words not included in the ahove rule, do not double the final consonant.

act’ed               failed               quar’reled        ex pand’ed

land’ed             rained              bar’reled          mer’it ed

rest’ed              coaxed             trav’eled           vis’it ed

Y is sometimes changed into i; as cry, cried.

cried                dried                mar’ried           glo’ried

tried                 fried                 tar’ried             sto’ried

shied                spied                car’ried            wor’ried

 

90                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 144.

Ar, er, and or signify one who does, or that which does; as, baker, one who bakes. If the word ends in e, r only is added. After a consonant y is generally changed into i. Another letter is sometimes united to the affix; as law, law’yer. The final consonants are doubled, as in Lesson 142.

beg’gar             bank’er            bak’er              cre a’tor

dig’ger              plant’er            pa’cer               cru sad’er

dip’per             build’er            pav’er              dic ta’tor

clip’per            giv’er               stran’ger          en grav’er

trot’ter             1aw’yer            writ’er              sur viv’or

los’er                saw’yer            boast’er            be liev’er

woo’er             read’er             mourn’er          ad vis’er

vouch’er           rid’er                own’er             as sign’er

wres’tler           dy’er                rul’er                in vei’gler

 

Lesson 145.

Words formed by the Affixes er or or.

be gin’ner             la’bor er                nav’i ga tor

in dors’er              rea’son er             ded’i ca tor

de sert’er              li’bel er                 cal’cu la tor

dis turb’er             wag’on er             spec’u la tor

u surp’er               con’quer or          pros’e cu tor

con duct’or           for’eign er            cul’ti va tor

tor ment’or           cus’tom er            mul’ti pli er

en chant’er            mur’der er            nu’mer a tor

sup port’er           gov’ern or            gen’er a tor

ag gress’or            pen’sion er           ra’di a tor

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                    91

 

Lesson 146.

In adjectives, er is generally added to form the compara­tive, and est to form the superlative; as, rich, richer, richest.

strict’er            fierc’est            wealth’i er       wor’thi est

broad’er           slow’est           greed’i er         read’i est

bright’er           gaunt’est          drear’i er          haugh’ti est

Ly is an abbreviation of like; as manly for man-like, or like a man. Ly is still further shortened into y; as, rock, rocky.

bright’ly            eas’y               heav’i ly          thor’oug ly

gay’ly                earth’y            heart’i ly          might’i ly

no’bly               speed’y           read’i ly           has’ti ly

wind’y               spon’gy          tar’di ly            stead’i ly

 

Lesson 147.

Ness is from the Saxon nesse, and means state or quality; as, neatness, state of being neat.

bleak’ness             smooth’ness         come’li ness

fierce’ness             numb’ness            drow’si ness

hoarse’ness           wrong’ness           naught’i ness

calm’ness              sweet’ness            wea’ri ness

The termination full adds its own meaning to the word; as, joyful, full of joy. The final l is omitted in the derivatives.

change’ful        mourn’ful         skill’ful            fan’ci ful

fright’ful          woe’ful             will’ful             pit’i ful

spite’ful           wrath’ful          aw’ful              du’ti ful

 

92                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 148.

The termination less gives a negative meaning to the deriva­tive; as graceless, without grace.

brain’less         sight’less          friend’less        worth’less

cease’less         soul’less           head’less          house’less

guile’less          friut’less           guilt’less          noise’less

 

The affix age signifies the pay for, a state of being, or composed of; as cartage, the pay for carting.

 

mar’riage              fer’ri age               vag’a bond age

herb’age                her’mit age           dis ad van’tage

wharf ‘age            pat’ron age           es’pi on age

 

Lesson 149.

The suffix al signifies relating to; an signifies pertaining to; ant and ent, in many instances, signify the agent or doer.

 

tid’al                    com’ic al              me dic’i nal

ur’ban                  pub’li can             di oc’e san

claim’ant             as sist’ant             i tin’er ant

a’gent                  pres’i dent            cor re spond’ent

 

Able and ible signify that may be, capable of being, fit or worthy to be, or capacity.

 

eat’a ble                blam’a ble            am’i ca ble

sal’a ble                laugh’a ble            nav’i ga ble

leg’i ble                for’ci ble               com bus’ti ble

cred’i ble              au’di ble               in del’i ble

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                    93

 

Lesson 150.

Ist, ster, ee, and ess, generally signify the person who, or thing which. The last is an affix denoting the feminine gender.

aur’ist                   phys’i cist             pi a’nist

tap’ster                 chor’is ter             for’est er

grant ee’               mort ga gee’         as sign ee’

em’press               shep’herd ess       mar’chion ess

 

Dom signifies the office of or state of being; hood, the state of being; ish, somewhat, like; and ism, the condition or doctrines of.

king’dom              chris’ten dom       hea’then dom

child’hood            maid’en hood       live’li hood

knav’ish                yel’low ish           a’gu ish

Bud’dhism            Meth’od ism         Mor’mon ism

 

Lesson 151.

Eer or ier generally signifies one who has charge of; en means made of, or, with adjectives, to make; ic signifies pertaining to, belonging to, or like; and ise or ize, to make, to become, or to assimilate.

cash ier’                fin an cier’            gon do lier’

cloth’ier                en gi neer’            can non eer’

beech’en                be hold’en             em bold’en

bright’en               en light’en             en liv’en

civ’ic                     ce phal’ic              me tal’lic

u’til ize                 cat’e chise             crit’i cise

sat’ir ize                civ’il ize                os’tra cize

 

94                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 152.

Ion and ment denote the state of being, or the act of; fy, to make or become; ance or ence, the act or state of; ive, having a tendency to, or the power or nature of; ory, the power or nature of, or belonging to; and ous, partaking of, or full of.

dis per’sion          di ver’sion            as per’sion

ex cep’tion            e lec’tion               con di’tion

a tone’ment           a gree’ment           dec’re ment

de’i fy                   stu’pe fy               sat’is fy

an noy’ance          ac cord’ance         con cord’ance

oc cur’rence          ab hor’rence          in dul’gence

a mu’sive              con clu’sive          of fen’sive

cur’so ry               ar’mo ry               man’da to ry

dan’ger ous          li’bel ous              har mo’ni ous

 

Lesson 153.

Kin, ling, let, and ule indicate smallness or diminution.

lamb’kin               man’i kin              la’dy kin

duck’ling               un’der ling            fos’ter ling

leaf ‘let                 riv’u let                 flag’eo let

glob’ule                 mol’e cule             an i mal’cule

Some means like or same, full of, or very; ward denotes in the direction of; ure means state of; and y, full of, or composed of.

tire’some               cum’ber some       vent’ure some

east’ward              heav’en ward       aft’er ward

verd’ure                cur’va ture            im post’ure

smok’y                 sin’ew y               sil’ver y

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                    95

Lesson 154.

ruff, an article of dress.          roar, to make a loud noise.

rough (ruf), uneven.                row’er, one who rows.

retch, to vomit.                        sail, a sheet of canvas.

wretch, a miserable person.   sale, the act of selling.

rode, did ride.                         seen, beheld.

road, a way; route.                  scene, a view.

rowed, did row.                      seine, a net for fishing.

room, an apartment.               slay, to kill.

rheum, a serous fluid.             sleigh, a vehicle on

                                                            runners.

sow, to scatter seed.               sley, a weaver’s reed.

sew (so), to use a needle.        seem, to appear.

so, thus; in like manner.         seam, a line of junction.

Lesson 155.

rude, uncivil; rough.                slow, not fast.

rood, fourth of an acre.            sloe, a kind of fruit.

serf, a slave; servant.               sun, the source of light.

surf, a swell of the sea.            son, a male child.

serge, a kind of cloth.               steel, refined iron.

surge, to rise; to swell.             steal, to rob; to pilfer.

sheer, pure; clear.                    stile, steps over a fence.

shear, to cut or clip.                 style, manner of writing.

side, a part; a margin.             stare, to look fixedly.

sighed, did sigh.                       stair, a step.

slew (slu), did slay.                  sweet, pleasing to the

                                                              taste.

slue, to slip aside.                    suite (swet), retinue.

 

96                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 156.

OF PREFIXES.

When a syllable or word is placed before another word, it is called a prefix. The prefix re generally gives the idea of repetition or return; as, recall, to call back.

 

re build’                re ap pear’            re an’i mate

re touch’               re as cend’            re gen’er ate

re seat’                  re im burse’          re sus’ci tate

re view’                ro doub’le             re ver’ber ate

The prefix un generally gives a negative meaning; as, unapt, not apt.

un paid’                un friend’ly           un court’ly

un clean’               un health’y           un ea’sy

un known’            un stead’y             un fruit’ful

un nerve’              un err’ing              un learn’ed

 

Lesson 157.

 

In, also, has a negative meaning; it often becomes im, il, ir, or ig, for the sake of sound.

 

in act’ive               in sin cere’            ir res’o lute

im prop’er            im po lite’             ir re lig’ious

il le’gal                 il lu’sive               irre spect’ive

ig no’ble               ig’no rant             ir’ri ta ble

im ma te ri al’i ty                    im prac ti ca bil’i ty

in di vis i bil’i ty                     in de struc ti bil’i ty

in com pat i bil’i ty                 ir re sist i bil’i ty

in com press i bil’i ty              im pen e tra bil’i ty

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                      97

 

Lesson 158.

Dis is a Latin particle, and has the force of a negative or priv­ative; as, disagree, not to agree, disarm, to deprive of arms.

dis please’            dis ap pear’           dis con tin’ue

dis joint’               dis be lieve’           dis in her’it

dis lodge’              dis o blige’             dis or’gan ize

dis charge’            dis cour’age           dis sim’i lar

dis grace’              dis cov’er               dis crim’i nate

The prefix after conveys its own meaning.

aft’er piece            aft’er noon             aft’er most

aft’er guard           aft’er math             aft’er-thought

 

Lesson 159.

Post is a Latin word, meaning after.

post’script            post-di lu’vi an    post me rid’i an

post’-date             post po si’tion      post’hu mous ly

 

Other words are formed by prefixing the English word post, a letter-carrier.

post’al                  post’man              post’mark

post’-chaise          post’-town            post’-office

post-haste’            post’boy               post’mas ter

 

Bene is a Latin prefix, signifying well.

ben’e dict              ben e fac’tion       be nef ‘i cence

ben’e fice              ben e fi’cial           be nev’o lence

 

Sp.7.

 

98                                                        ECLECTIC SERIES.

Lesson 160.

Fore adds its own meaning to the word; as foretaste, to taste before; pre is from the Latin prae, before; ante (Latin), before. Anti (Greek), means against or opposite.

fore’sight              fore tell’er             fore bod’ing ly

fore’most              fore knowl’edge   fore de ter’mine

fore know’            fore’cas tle           pre med’i tate

pre fix’                  pre cau’tion          pre oc’cu py

pre judge’             pre ced’ing            pre-em’i nent

pre serve’              pre des’tine           an te pas’chal

pre sage’               an’te past             an te mun’dane

pre text’                an’te date              an te nup’tial

fore warn’            an’ti pode             an ti cli’max

fore’front              an’ti dote              an ti feb’rile

 

Lesson 161.

The word miss signifies to err, to go wrong; in the compound the last s is omitted.

mis guide’             mis be lief ‘          mis reck’on

mis spell’              mis con ceive’      mis con’strue

mis choose’          mis di rect’           mis gov’ern

mis chance’          mis re cite’           mis guid’ance

 

Words formed by the prefixes up and under.

up raise’               un der lay’            un’der hand

up heave’              un der write’         un’der growth

up’right                un der sign’          un’der brush

up’ward                un der neath’        un’der shot

 

                                              SPELLING-BOOK.                                                    99

 

Lesson 162.

Words formed by the prefixes out and over.

out brave’             o ver reach’          o’ver board

out grow’              o ver awe’            o’ver alls

out pour’              o ver flow’            o’ver night

out talk’                o ver freight’        o’ver sight

 

Counter, from the Latin contra, against.

coun’ter pane       coun’ter sign        coun ter move’

coun’ter feit          coun’ter point      coun ter weight’

 

Extra (Latin), beyond.

ex tra ju di’cial                        ex tra phys’ic al

ex tra pro vin’cial                    ex tra trop’ic al

 

Lesson 163.

Semi (Latin), and hemi (Greek), ha1f; super (Latin), over or above; trans (Latin), beyond or through; and inter (Latin), among or between.

 

sem’i breve           sem’i co lon         sem’i qua ver

sem’i tone            sem’i cir cle          sem i ton’ic

hem’i sphere        hem’i cy cle          hem i morph’ic

hem’i trope          hem i he’dral        hem i spher’ic

su per add’           su per fi’cial         su per in duce’

su per scribe’        su per’flu ous       su per struct’ure

tran scend’ent       trans at lan’tic      tran’si to ry

trans fig’ure          trans fus’i ble       trans mis’si ble

in’ter course         in ter mit’tent       in ter reg’num

in’ter lude             in ter ces’sor         in ter sec’tion

 

100                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 164.

Ad signifies to, and for euphony takes the forms of ac, af, ag, al, an, ap, ar, and as; as ad and verto, advert, to turn to.

ad duce’           al lure’            as sail’           ag’gre gate

ac count’          an nex’            ad vance’       ag’gra vate

ac cord’            ar rive’            ad’verb          ap pend’age

af fix’               as cend’          ad’verse        ar’ro gance

 

Bi (from Latin bis, twice) means two, double, or in two.

bi’fid                    bi den’tate            bi no’mi al

bi’form                 bi cor’nous           bi en’ni al

bi’nate                  bi fur’cate            bi noc’ular

bi’ped                   bi lin’gual            bi valv’u lar

bi sect’                  bi par’tite             bi sul’phu ret

 

Lesson 165.

Con (Latin cum, with) signifies with or together; it takes the forms of com, col, co, cog, and cor, for ease in pronunciation.

con vert’               con de scend’       con ven’tion al

com press’            com pan’ion         com pen sa’tion

col lect’                 col’lo quy             col lat’er al

co here’                 co-ex ist’              co-ex ten’sive

cog’nate               cog’ni zant           cog nos’ci ble

cor rect’                cor re spond’        cor o na’tion

con cur’                con vul’sion         con sec’u tive

con dign’              con vey’er            con se quen’tial

con form’             con tu’sion           con nat’u ral

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                   101

 

 

Lesson 166.

De signifies down or from; epi significs on, near, during; and ex has the meaning out of. Ex also becomes e, ec, or ef.

de scend’              ex tract’                ep i dem’ic

de tract’                e vade’                  ep’i lep sy

de note’                ef fuse’                 ep i glot’tis

de vote’                ec’logue               ep i derm’is

 

Dia, ob, per, and circum mean respectively apart, against, through, and around. With English words, dis gives a negative meaning.

dis tend’               dis sev’er              dis em bar’rass

ob trude’               ob lique’ly           ob lit’er ate

per plex’               per fect’ive           per sist’en cy

cir’cuit                  cir cum volve’       cir cum ja’cent

 

102                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 167.

Mal signifies evil, ill; mono is from Greek monos, single; pan (Greek), signifies all, every thing; and poly (Greek polus), many.

 

mal’con tent             ma li’cious               ma lev’o lent

mon’o tone               mon’o gram             mo nop’o Iy

pan’o ply                   pan’the ist                 pan o ra’ma

pol’y gon                  pol’y pus                   pol’y the ism

 

Pro is a Latin preposition signifying for, before, and forth; uni (Latin unus, one) signifies one or producing one; syn (some­times syl and sym) signifies together; and sub (sometimes suf, sup, and sug) denotes under, below.

 

pro’noun             u’ni ty                  syn’the sis          sub scribe’

pro pel’                u’ni form             syl’la ble             suf ‘fix

pro duce’             u’ni corn             sym’pa thy         sup press’

pro vide’              u’ni val ve          syn tac’tic            sug gest’

 

Lesson 168.

Compound Words promiscuously arranged.

ale’-house               lime’-kiln                  hedge’hog

hail’stone                boat’man                   pen’knife

lay’man                    four’score                 grist’-mill

safe’guard               load’stone                 mid’night

waist’coat                oat’meal                    pitch’fork

bee’-hive                 pole’-star                  ship’wreck

key’-stone               snow’-drop               wrist’band

knee’-pan                sports’man                block’head

bride’groom           jew’s’-harp               cross’-bow

light’-house            luke’warm                off ‘spring

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                 103

 

Lesson 169.

Compound Words.

Lisle’-glove        night’fall              harts’horn

north-east’           book’-case           corn’-stalk

joint’-stock         foot’stool             loop’-hole

well’-bred           cork’screw           bur’dock

snuff ‘-box          watch’-word        whirl’pool

towns’man          broom’stick          fools’cap

house’wife          dooms’day           work’shop

char’coal             brown’-bread       for sooth’

out weigh’           down’right           down’cast

horn’pipe            tooth’ache            noon’day

heir’loom            air’brake               law’suit

 

Lesson 170.

Compound Words.

can’dle stick         post’al-card          but’ter fly

hand’ker chief      cop’y-book          wa’ter-fall

bed’-cham ber      oft’en times          gas’-me ter

ev’er green           type’-writ er         cler’gy man

gen’tle man          jour’ney man       bric’-a-brac

pep’per mint        hum’ming-bird    na’vy-yard

camp’-meet ing    musk’-mel on       fool’-hard y

mas’ter piece       blood’-ves sel      al might’y

pass’o ver             hon’ey-comb        by’stand er

fowl’ing-piece     stem’-wind er       bass’-vi ol

pow’der-horn       school’-mas ter    tale’-bear er

 

104                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 171.

 

SYNTHETIC AND DICTATION EXERCISES.

A’bel, a man’s name.                    de scend’ent, falling.

a’ble, powerful.                              cough’er, one who coughs.

al’ley, a narrow passage.            coffer, a chest.

al ly’, one who assists.                  can’died, covered with sugar.

al lu’sion, a reference.                  can’did, honest; truthful.

il lu’sion, mockery.                        cent’u ry, 100 years.

de scend’ant, offspring.                sen’try, a guard.

 

The able man’s name was Abel. A narrow alley. France was an ally of England in the Crimean war. He made an allusion to the illusion that possessed him. His descendant was descendent from the same line. The cougher sat on the coffer. The candid youth ate the candied cakes. The sentry wore a costume of the last century.

 

Lesson 172.

 

Words spelled alike, whose Pronunciation and Meaning differ.

 

aye, always.                                      conjure, to enchant.

aye, an affirmative vote.              bow, a weapon.

chose, did choose.                         bow, part of a ship.

chose, a thing; a chattel.             chap, a boy.

bass, a term in music.                   chap, the jaw.

bass, a fish.                                      gout, a disease.

conjure’, to implore.                      gout, taste; relish.

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                   105

 

Lesson 173.

Words spelled alike, whose Pronunciation and Meaning differ.

 

mall, a public walk.                      scald, a poet.

mall, a mallet.                                  sew’er (so’er), one who sews.

slough (sluf), a snake’s skin.       sew’er (su’er), a drain.

slough, a miry place.                    court’e sy, civility.

wear, a dam in a river.                 courte’sy, a slight bow.

wear, waste.                                    slav’er, a slave ship.

min’ute (min’it), sixty seconds.   slav’er, spittle.

mi nute’, very small.                      i’ron y (i’urn y), of iron.

hind’er, in the rear.                       i’ron y, ridicule.

hin’der, to obstruct.                       worst’ed, a kind of yarn.

scald, a burn.                                  worst’ed, defeated.

 

Lesson 174.

 

Words in which the letter A is often mispronounced. Some of the words in this and succeeding lessons have two pronunciations, but in all cases the preferable one is given.

 

hearth               mam ma’                an’cient           fra’ter nize

grass                 a slant’                     la’va                 com man dant’

slant                  pa pa’                      saun’ter           ti a’ra

gape                  a las’                        pal’frey           al ter’nate

gaunt                al’mond                  rap’ine             af fla’tus

far                      scath’less               dra’ma             hi a’tus

swathe              pag’eant                 la’ma               ba na’na

lance                 stal’wart                 da’ta                 sul ta’na

calm                  aft’er                       ma’gi               man da’mus

laugh                par’ent                    pa’thos            oc ta’vo

 

106                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 175.

Words in which A is frequently mispronounced.

chal’dron              ar ca’num             u ra’ni urn

na’tant                  er ra’tum              a qua’ri um

hal’berd                ver ba’tim            ap pa ra’tus

tas’sel                   val’en tine            ig no ra’mus

sau’cy                   ca’ri ous               ir ra’tion al

mael’strom           tra’che a               lit er a’ti

squa’lor                bar bar’ic              lit er a’tim

dai’ry                    bar ri cade’           ul ti ma’tum

ca’ret                    ra’di us                 mar a nath’a

gra’tis                   chol’e ra               gym na’si um

ra’dix                    ca na’ry                ex pa’ti ate

 

Lesson 176.

Sounds of A frequently mispronounced.

gla’mour          sac’ra ment      glance             al’ways

raft’er              a’pri cot           zouave            a mass’

scal’lop            gar’ru lous       drain                Ar’ab

craft’y              bra va’do         stanch             ba’thos

grass’y             de fal’cate        scarce              cal’dron

em balm’         ca ca’o             cant                 chas’ten

a ghast’            rail’ler y          can’t                fac’ile

was’sail           an dan’te         strap                fair’y

balm’y             hal’i but           yacht               ga’la

al’der               na’ive te          scath                qua’si

Al’dine            fi na’le             calk                 lo cale’

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                 107

Lesson 177.

Sounds of A often mispronounced.

swath              pau’per            gra va’men      a men’

halve               ha’rem             to ma’to           gua’no

jean                 pa sha’             sa’li ent           na’ive

catch               fac’et               pa’ri ah            har’ass

balm                fal’chion          far ra’go          sat’ire

groat                laugh’ter          tap’es try         jal’ap

trance              tar’iff               de ca’dence     e clat’

yea                  ba salt’             a’re a               prai’rie

are                   hur ra’              va ga’ry           ra’tion

shaft                ba ton’             cu’po la           Sal’ic

scared              quag’mire        cu ra’tor           ta’pis

 

Lesson 178.

Words in which the Sounds of E are often mispronounced.

ei’ther                   eq’ui ty                 leg’end a ry

pre’cept                ten’a ble               ab ste’mi ous

weap’on               e’go tism              a me’na ble

prel’ate                 ter’ra pin              a pe’ri ent

yel’low                 al le’gro                ste’re o type

ven due’               in her’ent              sac ri le’gious

for get’                  le’ni ent                be nef ‘i cent

stead’y                  yes’ter day           a men’i ty

en’gine                 e’qua ble              e le’gi ac

ket’tle                   pe’o ny                 hy men e’al

treb’le                   e’qui poise           em py re’an

 

108                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 179.

Words in which the Sounds of E are often mispronounced.

leant                pet’rel              cere’ment        les see’

dreamt             se’ries              lei’sure            me lee’

eyre                 seam’stress      ef fete’             deaf ‘en

rear                  steel’yard        en feoff ‘         rou’e

deaf                 sex’ton             keel’son           e lite’

teat                  fe’brile’             seck’eI             khe dive’

pert                  fec’und            bes’tial             res’pite

tete                  sen’na              fet’id                there’fore

feoff                ten’et               fe’tich              pref ‘ace

egg                  tep’id               se’nile              tet’ter

yet                   le’ver               he’lot               met’ric

 

Lesson 180.

Words in which the Sounds of E are often mispronounced.

per’uke                 nep’o tism            ter’ri ble

neth’er                  as cet’ic                res’in ous

pet’al                    red’o lent              rec’i pe

res’in                    co te rie’               tet’a nus

ra ceme’                em ploy e’            ref ‘lu ent

pre’lude                at ta che’               hy e’mal

me’grim               pre’mi er              cer’e brum

ven’ue                  o bei’sance           ve’he ment

bre vet’                 gen’er a                def ‘i cit

car tel’                  Ma dei’ra             splen’e tic

e’pact                   her’o ine               i de’a

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                 109

 

Lesson 181.

Words in which the Sounds of I are often mispronounced.

fi’nite                   mer’can tile         pa ri’e tal

pro’file                 pi az’za               rec i ta tive’

de bris’                 he gi’ra                an ni’hi late

A’pril                   de cli’vous          cal li’o pe

fi nanec’               O ri’on                he li’ac al

ox’ide                   i tal’ic                  zo di’ac al

ar’chives              ho ri’zon             i soch’ro nous

vis’or                    si’ne cure            men in gi’tis

sir’up                    so ri’tes               ma ni’ac al

bas tile’                 bron chi’tis         scar la ti’na

rib’ald                  trip’ar tite            i so therm’al

Lesson 182.

Words in which the Sounds of I are often mispronounced,

rid                        ti rade’                  py ri’tes

vive                      ton tine’                fa ri’na

rinse                     bro’mine              mar’i time

shire                     li’chen                  pi a’no

width                   ob lique’               vir’u lent

si’ren                    vis’count              cyn’o sure

ti’ny                      vi’rile                   is’o late

li’en                      spike’nard            vol’a tile

an’ile                    trib’une                en fran’chise

ei’der                    qui’nine,               de ci’sive,

tri’o                      di late’                  pu’er ile

 

110                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 183.

Words in which the Sounds of I are often mispronounced.

fu’tile                   as pir’ant              ad ver tis’er

ar tiste’                 in quir’y               tri syl’la ble

fi nesse’                sub sid’ence’         ka lei’do scope

stir’rup                 chas’tise ment      ad ver’tise ment

sub’tile                 di gres’sion          in ter ne’cine

chlo’rine               di men’sion          lar yn gi’tis

Al’pine                 di plo’ma              mi rac’u lous

chi cane’               sim’o ny               in ci’so ry

cui sine’                crin’o line            vi vip’a rous

li’lac                     par’a digm            is o la’tion

vic’ar                    e chi’nus              si mul ta’ne ous

 

Lesson 184.

Words in which 0 is sometimes mispronounced.

holm                    tro’phy                mon’as ter y

yolk                     on’ly                    proc’u ra tor

scoff                     mon’grel             mi cros’co py

nonce                   be troth’              drom’e da ry

cost                      proc’ess               zo ol’o gy

won’t                    doc’ile                 al lop’a thy

wont                     prov’ost               au tom’a ton

shone                   grov’e1                hy drop’a thy

sloth                     fore’head             La oc’o on

forge                    joc’und                pho tog’ra phy

doth                     don’key               in ter loc’u tor

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                 111

 

Lesson 185.

Words in which O is sometimes mispronounced.

front’ier                ap ro pos’             ab do’men

plov’er                 vo’ca ble              dis com’fit

a mour’                 pos til’ion             court’e ous

hov’er                   pre co’cious         pa rot’id

sur tout’               o’o lite                  con do’lence

sloth’fu1              dol’or ous             cog no’men

Sou chong’           ca lor’ic                op po’nent

caout’choue         front’is piece        co ro’na

re volt’                  prob’i ty               col’port eur

fort’night              pome gran’ate      po’ta ble

com’pass              sov’er eign           a ro’ma

 

Lesson 186.

Words in which U is sometimes mispronounced.

 

tulle                     col’umn                in au’gu rate

joust                     sut’ure                  ce ru’le an

guide                    pup’pet                 vi tu’per ate

yours                    su’mac                  ac cu’mu late

ghoul                   ful’some               co ad ju’tor

gi’aour                  con’duit                pu’pil la ry

de but                   cu’cum ber           in’sti tute

duc’at                   tru’cu lent            eu re’ka

U’lan                    con nois seur’       cae su’ra

sup’ple                 ju’gu lar               con’sti tute

du’ty                     nu’mer ous           tour’na ment

 

112                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 187.

Words properly accented on the first Syllable.

 

con’strue                   com’bat ant              pu’is sance

trav’erse                    dis’pu tant                in’ter im

ramp’ant                    gon’do la                   au’top sy

ath’lete                      pleth’o ra                  tym’pa num

syr’inge                     mis’chiev ous          wise’a cre

ex’tant                       blas’phe mous         or’ches tral

brig’and                     con’ver sant             im’po tent

con’cord                    san’he drim              con’gru ent

dis’cord                     con’tra ry                  im’be cile

do’nate                      pro’te an                    pha’e ton

ob’long                      dis’ci pline               ret’i na

 

Lesson 188.

 

roll, to turn over and over.     soar, to mount upward.

role, a part performed.            stake, a pointed stick.

sign, a token; a mark.              steak, a slice of flesh.

sine, a line in geometry.          step, a pace; a foot-print.

skull, part of the head.            steppe, a dreary plain.

scull, to impel a boat.              stoop, to bend forward.

sleeve, an arm cover.               stoup, a basin; a pitcher.

sleave, untwisted silk.              sum, the amount; whole.

slight, to neglect; feeble.         some, a part; a portion.

sleight, dexterity.                        tale, that which is told.

soul, the immortal spirit.        tail, terminal appendage.

sole, bottom of the foot.           tare, allowance in weight.

sore, a hurt; painful.          tear, to rend; to lacerate.

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                 113

 

Lesson 189.

 

tacks, small nails.                   toe, part of the foot.

tax, import; duty.                   tow, coarse part of flax.

throne, seat of a king.            tract, a region.

thrown, cast.                           tracked, followed.

team, horses hitched together                                                 their, belonging to them.

teem, to bring forth.               there, in that place.

tear, water from the eye.        throw, to cast; to hurl.

tier, a row or rank.                 throe, agony.

threw (thru), did throw.         tide, rising of the sea.

through, from end to end.      tied, bound; fastened.

time, duration.                       toad, a harmless reptile.

thyme, a pungent herb.          towed, drawn by a rope.

 

Lesson 190.

 

Words properly accented on the first Syllable.

prog’ress              eq’ui page            ex’qui site ly

in’grate                 phos’phor us        com’pa ra ble

pae’an                  lu’di crous            per’emp to ry

cou’pon                vic’i nage             or’tho e py

du’ress                  in’te gral              ex’em pla ry

good’man             in’te ger                lam’en ta ble

o’zone                  an’ces tor             in’ter est ing

a’corn                   an’ti podes           con’tu me ly

pro’logue             at’ro phy              sub’lu na ry

thir’teen                com’plai sant       va’ri o loid

sar’dine                det’o nate             e’ti o late

 

Sp.8.

 

114                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

 

Lesson 191.

Words properly accented on the second Syllable.

 

trust ee’                he ral’dic             ap pel’la tive

mon soon’            ple thor’ic           a nem’o ne

pro lix’                  re cu’sant            ar tif i cer

back slide’            ple be’ian            ar bit’ra ment

where as’              pre ced’ence       con sum’mate ly

gain say’               le the’an              ca mel’o pard

re cess’                 il lus’trate           con not’a tive

pla card’               im mob’ile          in ter’po late

a dept’                  phi lip’pic           te leg’ra phy

suc cess’               o de’on                pe riph’ra sis

ro mance’              e la’ine                re con’nais sance

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                 115

 

Lesson 192.

Words properly accented on the second Syllable.

cos tume’              so no’rous            re med’i less

with draw’            ly ce’um               pre ced’en cy

suc cinct’              mu se’um             hy per’bo le

ex cess’                 e ner’vate             py ram’i dal

de funct’               ac cli’mate           te leph’o ny

ca nine’                 in un’date             il lus’tra tive’

mo rale’                con den’sate         ex ec’u tor

re lay’                   Lin nae’an            ex tem’po re

si moom’              ob jur’gate            gla di’o lus

re course’              ad um’brate          in fer’a ble

ac cess’                 cho re’us              chal ced’o ny

 

Lesson 193.

 

Words properly accented on the second Syllable.

ex traor’di na ry                     in ter’po la tor

in com’pa ra ble                     con sol’a to ry

ir ref ‘ra ga ble                       de lib’er a tive

ir rep’a ra ble’                         pro thon’o ta ry

ir rev’o ca ble                         dis crim’i na tive

in dis’so lu ble                       com mem’o ra tive

in dis’pu ta ble                       ac cel’er a tive

in ex’o ra ble                          sa lu’ta to ry

ab sol’u to ry                          pa ri’e ta ry

de mon’stra tive ly                 nun cu’pa to ry

oc tog’e na ry                         in ex’pli ca ble

 

116                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 194.

Words properly accented on the third Syllable.

rev er ie’               am a teur’             dem o ni’ac al

ob li gor’              bom ba zine’         ho me op’a thy

jag u ar’                tam bour ine’        ap o the’o sis

im pro vise’          ric o chet’*           her e dit’a ment

or mo lu’              mule teer’             spon ta ne’i ty

et i quette’            mau so le’um       ep i zo’o ty

av a lanche          con ser va’tor       hy per bo’re an

as sign or’            cot y le’don          ep i cu’re an

po lo naise’           no men clat’ure    Pyth a go’re an

cat a falque’          hy men e’an         hip po pot’a mus

dis ha bille’           den u da’tion        rec i proc’i ty

 

Lesson 195.

Words frequently mispronounced, or improperly accented.

mulet               sa’chem           jave’lin            hos’tler

soot                 asth’ma            chest’nut          de’tail *

noose              le’gend            wres’tle           fa cade’

twice               de sign’ *        or’chis             strych’nine

niche               isth’mus          list’en              per’fume *

salve                this’tle             bay’ou             mus tache’

height              rai’sn               gib’bous          bas’ket

milch               a dult’              gla’cier            Gae’lic

browse *         psalm’ist          griev’ous         Le vant’ *

vase                 oft’en               na’sal               soft’en

* As a noun.

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                   117

 

Lesson 196.

Words frequently mispronounced, or improperly accented.

though                 goose’ber ry         da guerre’o type

gist                       sooth’say er         cab ri o let’

fifth                      ju’ve nile              min i a ture’

drought                lic’o rice               leg er de main’

nook                     a pos’tle                char i ot eer’

poor                     ar’gen tine            an i mad vert’

roil                       Ar min’ian           av oir du pois’

sauce                    de co’rous            Cy clo pe’an

rhythm                 cyc’la men           Eu ro pe’an

schism                 so’journ er            spo li a’tion

root                      cov’et ous            in’ter est ed

 

Lesson 197.

Words frequently mispronounced, or improperly accented.

pom’mel               ab’jeet ness          nu mis’ma tist

bel’lows               ab’a cus                ig nit’i ble

fig’ure                  ad’verse’ly            Jan’u a ry

di rect’                  Bur’gun dy           Feb’ru a ry

as’sets                  Bed’ou in             in’ven to ry

je june’                 en vi’rons             cor’ol la ry

ver’min                ex’ple tive            vi’o la ble

ran’sack                um’pi rage            rep’a ra ble

short’-lived          o’a sis                   des’pi ca ble

so’journ                ar’se nic               bap’tis ter y

cais’son                ar’ti san                pres’by ter y

 

118                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 198.

Words frequently mispronounced, or improperly accented.

in’nate                  chol’er ic              se’cre to ry

ter’mites               gon’fa lon            dec’re to ry

way’lay                cen’tu ple             ex’ple to ry

slaugh’ter             re’tro cede            con sis’to ry

frag’ile                 nu’cle us              pre cep’to ry

car’riage               cen’tau ry             rep’er to ry

thor’ough             co quet’ry             chi rur’ger y

sched’ule              sto mach’ic          sperm a ce’ti

grand’eur             in’ter stice            pan e gyr’ist

hir sute’                ce ram’ic              pan’e gy rize

ben’zine               re volt’ing            mel lif ‘lu ous

 

Lesson 199.

Words frequently mispronounced, or impropedy accented.

ag’gran dize        dem’on strate       tur’mer ic

al’der man           tre men’dous        mne mon’ic

Al’co ran             stu pen’dous         vir’e lay

al’ge bra              gov’ern ment       ex’pur gate

mis’tle toe           Ar’a bic                am’ber-gris

pres’by ter           com’bat ive          min’a ret

rasp’ber ry          com’mu nist         or’de al

ven’i son             com’plai sance     plat’i num

pos’i tive             con’verse ly         fem’i nine

dis hon’est          dis as’ter              gen’u ine

chiv’al ric           dram’a tist            por tent’ous

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                   119

 

Lesson 200.

Words to be carefully discriminated.

 

cor’po ral, an officer.                       ve’ni al, pardonable.

cor po’re al, bodily.                          ve’nal, mercenary; base.

du’al ist, a believer in two gods.   ap’po site, suitable; fit.

                                                               op’po site, over against.

du’el ist, one who fights a duel      ac cla ma’tion, a slout.

                                                               ac cli ma’tion, inurement to climate. de scen’sion, descent.                                                                 

dis sen’sion, strife.                            an’a lyze, to separate.

ce’re ous, like wax.                           an’nal ize. to record.

se’ri ous, grave; solemn.                 or’a cle, a prophet.

Sir’i us, the dog-star.                       au’ri cle, the external ear.

 

Lesson 201.

 

The words opposite one another in the lines have nearly the same meaning, and are called Synonyms.

 

au’thor ize                com mis’sion           em pow’er

ap par’ent                 ob’vi ous                   ev’i dent

ac cord’ant               con’so nant               a gree’ing

de port’ment            de mean’or                be hav’ior

di dac’tic                   pre cep’tive              in struc’ive

fla gi’tious                a tro’cious                 out ra’geous

ad her’ent                 par’ti san                   fol’low er

in’di gence               pen’u ry                     pov’er ty

syc’o phant              par’a site                   flat’ter er

har’bin ger                pre cur’sor                fore run’ner

 

120                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 202.

to, towards; unto.                  vane, a weathercock.

too, also.                                vain, proud; empty.

two, one and one.                 vein, a blood-vessel.

trey, three at cards.               waste, to consume; loss.

tray, a shallow vessel.           waist, part of the body.

vale, a valley; a dell.            ware, merchandise.

veil, a cover; a curtain.        wear, to use; to waste.

wait, to tarry; to stay.           way, a road; manner.

weight, heaviness; load.       weigh, to balance.

weighted, balanced.              week, seven days.

wade, to walk in water.        weak, not strong.

weth’er, a sheep.                   wood, timber; a forest.

weath’er, state of the air.      would, preterit of will.

 

Lesson 203.

Words sometimes incorrectly pronounced alike, but which should be carefully discriminated.

 

line        loin                  creek   crick             sex       sects

loam       loom                pint      point             yon      yawn

lose        loose               sat       sot                 least    lest

morn      mourn             phase   face               scrawl scroll

rout        route                laud     lord               tents    tense

stalk       stock               east      yeast             with     withe

can         ken                  dawn   don               close    clothes

blanch   blench             dose    doze              coarse corse

want      wont                wen     when             white   wight

wax        whacks            alms    arms              moor   more

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                 121

 

Lesson 204.

Words nearly alike in Sound, to be carefully distinguished.

as say’            es say’                              ep’ic               ep’och

de cease’        dis ease’                          bea’con           beck’on

de scent’        dis sent’                           coffin             cough’ing

de vice’          de vise’                            grist’ly           gris’ly

huz za’           hus sar’                            di’vers           di’verse

in tense’         in tents’                            cho’ral           cor’al

a loud’            al lowed’                          gant’let          gaunt’let

im merse’       a merce’                           mu’sic            mu’cic

af fect’            ef fect’                              rad’ish           red’dish

e lude’            al lude’                             sculp’tor        sculpt’ure

Cas’tile          cast’-steel                       hum’ble         um’bel

 

Lesson 205.

 

as cent’, steepness.                    bur’y (ber’ry), to cover with earth.

as sent’, agreement.                 

an’chor, for a ship.                    ber’ry, a small fruit.

ank’er, a liquid measure.         can’non, a great gun.

al’ter, to change.                        can’on, a rule or law.

al’tar, a place for sacrifice.      ceil’ing, top of a room.

au’ger, an instrument.              seal’ing, as with wax.

au’gur, to foretell.                     cel’lar, a lower room.

bur’row, hole for shelter.        sel’ler, one who sells.

bor’ough, a corporate town.    ces’sion, a giving up.

                                                        ses’sion, a sitting.

bold’er, more bold.                   cous’in, a relation.

bowl’der, a large pebble.           coz’en, to cheat.

 

122                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 206.

 

cen’su al, of the census.                phil’ter, a love-charm.

sen’su al, carnal.                            great’er, larger.

coun’cil, an assembly.                  gra’ter, that which grates.

coun’sel, advice.                              ho’ly, sacred; pure.

can’vas, a kind of coarse cloth. whol’ly, entirely.

can’vass, to discuss.                      mar’tin, a bird.

crew’el, worsted yarn.                  mar’ten, a kind of weasel.

cru’el, inhuman; savage.             man’ner, form; method.

cyg’net, a young swan.                 man’or, district.

sig’net, a seal.                                 man’tel, shelf over a fireplace.

chol’er, anger; wrath.                   man’tle, a cloak.

col’lar, for the neck.                      mar’tial, warlike.

fil’ter, to strain.                              mar’shal, an officer.

 

Lesson 207.

 

Words nearly alike in Sound, to be carefully distinguished.

 

con’so nance      con’so nants       cen’sus                sen’ses

e lys’i an             e lis’ion               Lat’in                   lat’ten

e mer’sion          im mer’sion        con’cert               con’sort

for’mer ly           form’ally             cor’nice               Corn’ish

pass’a ble            pas’si ble             hal’low                 halo

pe ti’tion             par ti’tion            rel’ic                     rel’ict

com’i ty               com mit’tee        or’der                   ord’ure

dep ra va’tion    dep ri va’tion     fa’ther                  far’ther

ve rac’i ty           vo rac’i ty           plaint’iff              plaint’ive

sta’tion a ry        sta’tion er y        pa’tience             pa’tients

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                 123

 

Lesson 208.

 

Words nearly alike in Sound, to be carefully distinguished.

 

bile                  boil                     ad her’ence         ad her’ents

wig                  whig                   con fi dant’         con’fi dent

God                 gaud                   at tend’ance        at tend’ants

dance              daunts                ac’ci dence         ac’ci dents

dome                doom                  e lic’it                  il lic’it

wheel              weal                   em’i nence          im’mi nence

lease                lees                     e rup’tion            ir rup’tion

sense               since                   sal’a ry                 cel’er y

dross               draws                 bar’ren ness        bar’on ess

whit                 wit                      proph’e cy          proph’e sy

 

Lesson 209.

 

med’al, a stamped coin.               pen’cil, used for writing.

med’dle, to interfere.                    pen’sile, hanging.

mi’nor, one under age.                 pet’ty, small; little.

mi’ner, a worker in mines.          pet’it’, a term in law.

mit’y, full of mites.                        pom’ace, ground apples.

might’y, powerful.                         pum’ice, a spongy stone.

na’val, of ships.                               rig’or, severity; stiffness.

na’vel, the central part.                rig’ger, one who rigs.

cen’sor, one who censures.         suck’er, a kind of fish.

cens’er, a pan for incense.           suc’cor, help; assistance.

pan’nel, a kind of saddle.             sur’plus, excess.

pan’el, a jury roll.                          sur’pluce, a clerical dress.

 

124                                                 ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 210.

 

pal’let, a small bed.                    com’pli ment, regard.

pal’ate, part of the mouth.        com’ple ment, fullness.

pal’ette, an oval board.             coun’sel or, an adviser.

em’i grate, to move out.             coun’cil or, member of a council.

im’mi grate, to move in.             

cas’tor, the beaver.                     straight’en, to make straight.

cast’er, one who casts.               strait’en, to narrow.

cur’rent, running.                        cal’en dar, an almanac.

cur’rant, a small fruit.                cal’en der, a hot press.

cap’i tol, a public edifice.         sut’ler, an army trader.

cap’i tal, principal.                     sub’tler, more subtle.

 

Lesson 211.

 

Words which require Care in Spelling.

 

jilt                         dol’lar                  rip’ple                  nat’u ral

gyre                     schol’ar               trip’le                   gut’tur al

jow1                    grap’ple               pop’py                 lit’er al

troll                      chap’el                 cop’y                    diz’zi ly

goal                      ren’net                 sun’ny                  bus’i ly

knoll                    sen’ate                 mon’ey                ver’ti cal

dole                      freck’le                glim’mer             ar’ti cle

turf                       shek’el                 prim’er                du’te ous

verb                     wit’ty                   tread’le                beau’te ous

pirn                      cit’y                      ped’dle                fin’i cal

perk                     hop’per                cod’dle                pin’na cle

surd                      prop’er                 mod’el                 cyn’ic al

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                   125

 

Lesson 212.

Words which require Care in Spelling.

scream            com’et             peb’ble            in ter cede’

screen              vom’it              reb’el               su per sede’

sheave             plum’met         sib’yl               col’o nize

sheet                sum’mit           spin’et             ad ver tise’

shield              ver’y                lin’net              par’a lyze

twirl                mer’ry             cam’el             se’cre cy

churl                bod’y               tram’mel          ec’sta sy

clerk                shod’dy           mam’mal         vac’il late

quirk               mud’dy            sev’en              fas’ci nate

fraud               stud’y              heav’en            co er’cion

broad               guin’ea            par’rot             de ter’sion

awe’d               nin’ny              clar’et              ex er’tion

 

Lesson 213.

Words which require Care in Spelling.

grief                do’ing              a byss’             hid’e ous

sheaf               stew’ing          a miss’             pre’vi ous

guile,               yeo’man          as sess’            im’pi ous

chyle               chlo’ral            ab’scess           a’que ous

rend                 know’ing         sick’le              par’ti cle

wrench            go’ing              nick’el             crit’ic al

dearth              con dole’          tal’ents             dil’i gent

worth              con trol’           bal’ance           el’e gant

mirth               en roll’             si’lence            fal’li ble

earth                dis pel’             com peer’        prel’a cy

spurt                fore tell’           ad here’            jeal’ous y

 

126                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

 

Lesson 214.

 

Words which require Care in Spelling.

which              stom’ach          re prieve’         in i’tial

ditich               sau’sage          con ceive’        of fi’cial

feud                 word’y             de grade’          es sen’tial

sued                tur’gid             a fraid’             sol sti’tial

prude               ver’ger             pre pare’          a bun’dant

wooed             vir’tue              for bear’           de pend’ent

balk                 leop’ard           bar’ter              in veigh’er

shawl              lep’er               tar’tar               be tray’er

guise               fam’ine            mar’tyr            di’a logue

sighs                gam’mon         suc ceed’          dy nam’ics

flies                 salm’on           ac cede’            me chan ics

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                   127

 

Lesson 215.

Words which require Care in Spelling.

wield               scan’dal           se rene’           an’no tate

weird               han’dle            un clean’         an’o dyne

swale               clam’or            be tween’        col on nade’

swain              gram’mar        ma rine’          ser e nade’

storm               ham’mer          com plete’      dom i neer’

swarm             palm’er            de feat’           bel ve dere’

scythe             sa’tyr               de ceit’            pen’ni less

writhe             trai’tor             co erce’           mon’ey less

sieve                wait’er             dis burse’        joc’u lar

give                 cra’ter              dis perse’        jock’ey ing

 

Lesson 216.

 

Words which require Care in Spelling.

skein           val’id          kir’tle               pol’i cy

slain           sal’ad          tur’tle               leg’a cy

crane          mal’let        fer’tile             cur’ti lage

sword         val’et          myr’tle             syn’a gogue

boast           breez’y        wid’geon         cod’i cil

ghost          greasy        pig’eon            dom’i cile

queer          gar’den       mal’ice            ver’sa tile

brief           par’don       pal’ace             hyp’o crite

spoke          e’vil            tor’toise           hip’po drome

croak          ea’gle          mor’tise           scen’er y

self             pole’ax        sel’vage           ple’na ry

sylph          poult’ry       por’ridge         dean’er y

 

128                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES,

 

Lesson 217.

Words which require Care in Spelling.

zinc                  col’lege           con fer’            u ten’sil

brink                knowl’edge     a stir’               pre hen’sile

fought              leath’er            oc cur’             fa tigu’ing

caught             teth’er              ef face’             be lea’guer

wrought           cau’cus            e rase’              si li’ceous

fuse                  mawk’ish        chas tise’         vex a’tious

news                au’thor            bap tize’           fa ce’tious

views               awn’ing           a chieve’           sus pi’cion

choose             ar’id                per ceive’         po si’tion

wooes              heir’ship          be reave’          in cis’ion

ooze                 air’y                re nown’          de ris’ion

whose              car’ry              re nounce’        e di’tion

 

Lesson 218.

Words which require Care in Spelling.

earl                  ran’cor            in vade’            di ur’nal

knurl                can’ker            up braid’          hi ber’nal

shirk                flux’ion           ur bane’           at tor’ney

jerk                  suc’tion           or dain’            de ter’gent

pith                  hos’pice          a dieu’              con ta’gion

myth                au’spice           im brue’           her ba’ceous

growth             bot’tom           pre cede’          frol’ic some

loath                au’tumn           pro ceed’          frol’ick ing

loathe              trunn’ion         re deem’           de pres’sion

clothe              bun’ion           ex treme’          dis cre’tion

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK,                                                 129

 

Lesson 219.

Words which require Care in Spelling.

risk                  coup’le             wry’ness          ve’hi cle

wrist                cup’board        ri’ot                  typ’ic al

shred               cho’rus            ly’rist               ob’sta cle

dread               po’rous            li’vre                pro’to col

scheme            hill’y                ten’on              mys’tic al

chief                lil’y                  pen’non           mis’ti ness

siege                san’dal             ros’trum          rec’re ant

seat                  can’dle             phan’tom         reck’on er

seethe              nu’tant             fan’ion             wretch’ed ly

keyed              neu’ter             ver’sion           of ‘fi cer

tweed              nui’sance         ter’tian             oph’i cleide

 

Lesson 220.

 

Words containing silent Letters.

thought            hand’some       re doubt’          hec’a tomb

wreathe           vict’uals          re scind’           sci’o list

wreath             scis’sors          gneis’sose        co a lesce’

rhomb             schot’tish         be nign’            ap’a thegm

gnat                 g’no’mon         cam paign’       di’a phragm

rogue’              for’eign           ar raign’           psy’chic al

gnaw               dough’ty          op pugn’          sac’cha rine

gnash              haugh’ty          re sign’             rheu mat’ic

gnarl                chron’ic           de light’           rhap’so dy

gnome             daugh’ter         ex pugn’          rhet’o ric

phlegm            ghast’ly           af fright’          ca tarrh’al

Sp.9.

 

130                                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 221.

Silent Letters.

taught              hon’est             ca tarrh’           pneu mat’ics

source             gher’kin           con demn’        psal’ter y

brought           chalk’y            de mesne’         pneu mo’ni a

realm               isl’and             de pot’             rhi noc’e ros

vault                naph’tha          burgh’er          ren’dez vous

knob                gris’tle             calk’er             jeop’ard y

qualm              thros’tle,          rhom’boid       hem’or rhage

wroth              chris’ten          tme’sis             rhiz’o pod

fraugt              jeop’ard           ptis’an             ptar’mi gan

knock              wrig’gle,          psy’chic           pseu’do nym

knife                bris’tle             rhym’er           psalm’ist ry

 

Lesson 222.

Words liable to be misspelled.

tres’tle                  glu’ey ness           collect’i ble’

pa paw’                crys’tal line          e ras’a ble

gey’ser                 chrys’a lis            ac cor’di on

gaug’ing               lach’ry mose        sac er do’tal

co log’ne              ker’o sene’            ef fer ves’cence

qua drille’             glyc’er ine            tran quil’li ty

sky’ey                  ar’go naut             com mit’ti ble

sor’ghum              fore’bod’ing         cor us ca’tion

sur vey’                ex cheq’uer          mac a ro’ni

starve’ling            sib’yl line             pic’ca lil li

pro’gramme         sib’i lant               fil’i bus ter

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                   131

 

Lesson 223.

Words liable to be misspelled.

fleam                     ey’ing                  gen e al’o gy

glyph                     wee’vil                bac ca lau’re ate

liege                      lac’quer               ab o rig’i nes

cuish                     du et’                   ar chae ol’o gy

taunt                      quar tet’              as a fet’i da

drap                       phe’nix                er y sip’e las

fleche                    rogu’ish               ho mo ge’ne ous

frere                      whey’ey              hy per crit’i cism

jardes                    ledg’er                 ich thy ol’o gy

crypt                      sach’el                 ig’nis-fat u us

sou                        lar’ynx                lack a dai’si cal

 

Lesson 224.

 

Words frequently mispronounced.

for’tress           dan’druff         prod’uce          con cise’

car’bine           fran’chise        com’bat           dis own’

chlo’ride          hom’age          thith’er             dis dain’

cof ‘fee            rhu’barb          o’nyx               di vulge’

com’rade         cov’ert             dis arm’           ex tol’

sau’cer             ma’tron            jo cose’            for bade’

dec’ade            mon’ad            bour geois’       suf fuse’

quin’sy            pa’tron             Cay enne’        pos sess’

gal’lows          lith’arge           con tour’          fare well’

mis’le              par’tridge        di verge’           be neath’

fau’cet             wa’ter              di vert’             re source’

 

132                                                     ECLECTIC SERIE8.

 

Lesson 225.

Words frequently mispronounced.

di’a mond             par’a dise             cin cho’nit

chan de lier’         a’li as                   in vei’gle

gran’a ry               par’a chute           stra te’gic

cou’ri er               pot-pour ri’          ex cur’sion

eg’lan tine            hy’gi ene              a cous’tics

sor’cer y               con’fis cate          an cho’vy

ex’tir pate             psal’mo dy           pa la’ver

cor’di al                guard’i an             Cau ca’sian

cor’ri dor              com’mu nism       ap par’el

gas’e ous              sub al’tern            so pra’no

doc’i ble               cou ra’geous        im mor telle’

 

Lesson 226.

Words liable to be misspelled.

som’er sault         how’itz er             bar’y tone

stim’u lus             syc’a more           bil’lings gate

sil’hou ette           a bridg’ment        bry’o ny

pa vil’ion              ad’di ble               cen’ti ped

quin till’ion          aes thet’ic             cim’e ter

ci vil’ian               al’che my             col’an der

cen’ti gram           ar’que buse          cop’i er

ma nil’la               ai’lan’tus               nas tur’tium

eu’pho ny             as bes’tus             chic’o ry

pros’e lyte            as cend’ant           hei’nous ness

pu’tre fy               syz’y gy               deb o nair’

pro bos’cis           bar’be cue             por’phy ry

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                 133

 

Lesson 227.

Words liable to be misspelled.

bal’dric             mal fea’sance        cal lig’ra phy

ban’yan             sur’cin gle             dys’en ter y

bau’ble              pleu’ri sy               rem i nis’cence

la pel’                por’ce lain             hy poc’ri sy

ker’chief           os’cil late               hy pot’e nuse

gnos’tic             del’e ble                syn ec’do che

but’-end            lau’da num            si de’re al

cam’phene        crys’tal lize           ad sci ti’tious

catch’up            pol’y glot               am au ro’sis

cess’-pool         guer ril’la              lill i pu’tian

ci gar’               quin tes’sence       lil i a’ceos

 

Lesson 228.

Words liable to be misspelled.

clew                 coif ‘fure               con fec’tion er y

clinch               fledge’ling             klep to ma’ni a

sleuth               af ‘ghan                 cor nu co’pi a

blonde              che nille’                cot y led’o nous

glebe                che mise’               di u tur’ni ty

gyves                chas’seur               terp sich o re’an

guy                   chev’ron                me temp sy cho’sis

crutch               cor’ymb                 me te or’o lite

touch                e leve’                    per ip neu’mo ny

kraal                 hogs’head              phar ma co poe’ia

chintz               meer’scham           phar ma ceu’tic al

ceirge               buhr’-stone            sac cha rif ‘er ous

 

134                                                     ECLECTIO SERIES.

 

Lesson 229.

Words liable to be misspelled or mispronounced.

el e phan ti’a sis                      ir re cog’ni za ble

par a di si’ac al                        gu ber na to’ri al

par a pher na’li a                     el ee mos’y na ry

ver i si mil’i tude                    pol y cot y le’don

tin tin nab u la’tion                 het er o ge’ne ous

su per e rog’a tive                   hi e ro glyph’ic al

pu sil la nim’i ty                     hyp o chon dri’ac al

phan tas ma go’ri a                 his to ri og’ra pher

ob’li ga to ri ly                        in dis’so lu ble’ness

id i o syn’cra sy                      in dis’pu ta ble’ness

ir re me’di a ble’                      er y si pel’a tous

ip e cac u an’ha                       ir ref ‘ra ga ble ness

 

Lesson 230.

Words of irregular Pronunciation.

of (ov)                  tough (tuf)           trough (trawf)

sice (siz)              hough (hok)         bus’y (biz’y)

tige (tej)               fiord (fyord)        ma’ny (men’y)

says (sez)             bouy (bwoy)        pret’ty (prit’ty)

said (sed)             cough (kawf)       wom’en (wim’en)

loir (lwar)            mont (mong)       cann on’ (kan yun’)

a’ny (en’y)            rouge (roozh)      sa lon’ (sa long’)

newt (nut)            mauve (mov)       chap’eau (shap’o)

beaux (boz)         ruche (roosh)       cha teau’ (sha to’)

once (wuns)         Czech (tchek)      cro quet (kro ka’)

i’ron (i’urn)          caf ‘e (kaf ‘a)        men age’ (-azh’)

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                   135

 

Lesson 231.

Words of irregular Pronunciation.

pa tois’ (pat wa’)                     bou quet’ (boo ka’)

bi jou (be zhoo’)                     breech’es (brich’ez)

phthis’ic (tiz’ik)                      por’poise (por’pus)

bu’reau (bu’ro)                        a gain’ (a gen’)

En’glish (ing’glish)                 dis cern’ (diz zern’)

flam’beau (flam’bo)                e nough’ (e nuf ‘)

haut’boy (ho’boy)                   en nui’ (ong nwe’)

hic’cough (hik’kup)                ron deau’ (ron do’)

right’eous (ri’chus)                 vign ette’ (vin yet’)

cham’ois (sham’my)               squir’rel (or skwur’rel)

bou’doir (boo’dwor)               suf fice’ (suf fiz’)

ser’geant (sar’jent)                  cor’tege (kor’tazh)

 

Lesson 232.

 

Words of irregular Pronunciation.

sough (suf)              men ag’e rie (men azh’e ry)

myrrh (mer)            ci ce ro’ne (che che- or sis’e-)

suave (swav)           chev’aux-de-frise (shev’o de frez)

shew (sho)              pap’ier-ma che (pap’ya ma sha)

strew (stru)              de col le te’ (da kol le ta’)

bouffe (boof)          tic-dou lou reux’ (tik doo lo roo’)

nom (nong)             ver mi cel’li (-chel’li or -sel’li)

clough (kluf)           su per fi’cies (su per fish’ez)

nee (na)                   ra tion a’le (rash un a’le)

ghat (gawt)              ha bit u e (a bit n a’)

creux (kru)              hal le lu jah (hal le lu’ya)

 

136                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 233.

Words of irregular Pronunciation.

bus’i ness (biz’nes)              roq’ue laure (rok’e lor)

colo nel (kur’nel)                sac’ri fice (sak’ri fiz)

hau teur’ (ho tur’)                chef-d’oeuvre’ (sha doovr’)

bdell’ium (del’yum)            es cri toire’ (es kri twor’)

cui rass’ (kwe ras’)              belles-let’tres (bel let’ter)

gauch rie’ (gosh re’)            res tau rant’ (res to rang’)

trous seau’ (troo so’)           mign on ette’ (min yon et’)

gun’wale (gun’nel)              fuch’si a (fook’si a)

dah’lia (dal’ya)                    re veil’le (re val’ya)

soi ree’ (swa ra’)                  pap e terie’ (pap a tre’)

sap’phire’ (saf ‘ir)                sur veil’lance’ (-val’yans)

cog’nac (kon’yak)               Ple’ia des (ple’ya dez)

 

Lesson 234.

Words of irregular Pronunciation.

nes’cience (nesh’ens)          re cher che’ (ruh sher sha’)

ba rege’ (ba razh’)               so bri quet’ (so bre ka’)

diph’thong (dif-)                 aid’-de-camp (ad’de kong)

sol’dier (sol’jer)                   mag gio’re (mad jo’ra)

fort’une’ (fort’yun)               made moi selle’ (-mwa zel’)

neph’ew (nef ‘yu)                fleur-de-lis’ (flur de le’)

let’tuce (let’tis)                    deb au chee’ (deb o she’)

en tree’ (ong tra’)                 res er voir’ (rez er vwor’)

re gime’ (ra zhem’)              eis tedd’fod (is teth’fod)

scru toire’ (skru twor’)        pro te ge’ (pro ta zha’)

phy sique’ (fe zek’)             de noue’ment (-noo’mong)

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                   137

 

 

Lesson 235.

Words of irregular Pronunciation.

 

cri tique’ (kri tek’)                   en core’ (ong kor’)

pen chant’ (pong shong’)        se ance’ (sa ongs’)

chig’non (shen’yong)              mor ceau’ (mor so’)

cha let’ (sha la’)                      dan seuse’ (dong zurz’)

e lan’ (a lang’)                         sang-froid’ (song frwa’)

mem’oir (mem’wor)               qui vive (ke vev)

mon sieur’ (mo ser’)               faux pas’ (fo pa’)

blanc-mange’ (blo-monj’)       bon ton (bong tong)

a mende’ (a mongd’)               bon’mot (bong’mo)

cen time’ (son tem’)                mil lier’ (mi lya’)

biv’ouac (biv’wak)                  sa vant’ (sa vong’)

 

138                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 236.

Names of Men.

Charles           Ad’am             Har’old            A’sa

Frank              Al’bert             Hen’ry             Bas’il

George            An’drew          Ho’mer            Ca’leb

Hugh               Ar’thur             I’saac               Ce’phas

James              Clar’ence         Ja’cob              Cy’rus

Job                  Da’vid             Jo’seph            Eu’gene

John                Ed’ward           Lew’is             Fe’lix

Luke               Ed’win             No’ah              Ja’bez

Mark               Ez’ra                Pat’rick            Leon’ard

Saul                Fran’cis           Pe’ter               Mo’ses

Ralph              Gil’bert            Will’iam          Rob’ert

 

Lesson 237.

Names of Men.

Her’bert                Ab’sa lom           Al ex an’der

Hi’ram                  An’tho ny           An dro ni’cus

Hor’ace                Ben’ja min          Bar thol’o mew

Ja’son                   E li’jah                Eb en e’zer

Jes’se                    Fer’di nand         Em man’u el

Law’rence            Fred’er ick          E ze’ki el

Le’vi                     I sa’iah (-ya)       Jer e mi’ah

Lu’ther                 Le an’der            Le on’i das

Os’car                  Ol’i ver               Na po’le on

Phil’ip                  Sam’u el              The oph’i lus

Rich’ard               Tim’o thy            Zech a ri’ah

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                   139

 

Lesson 238.

Names of Women.

Anne               A’da                Es’ther             Lo’is

Blanche           Ag’nes             Eu’nice            Lu’cy

Eve                  Al’ice              E’va                 Ma’bel

Grace              An’na              Fan’ny             Mar’tha

Jane                 Ber’tha            Flo’ra               Ma’ry

Jean                 Clar’a              Fran’ces           My’ra

Kate                 Co’ra               Ger’trude         Nan’cy

Maud              E’dith              Hel’en             Ra’chel

May                Ed’na               Han’nah          Rho’da

Pearl                El’la                 I’da                  Sa’rah

Ruth                Em’ma             Lau’ra              Su’san

 

Lesson 239.

Names of Women.

A’my                    Ad’e line               A me’li a

Bet’sey                 A man’da             Ar a bel’la

Bridg’et                Bar’ba ra              Dor o the’a

Char’lotte             Be’a trice             E liz’a beth

Chlo’e                  Deb’o rah             E van’ge line

Dor’cas                E li’za                   Fe lic’i a

Di’nah                  Em’i ly                 Fred er i’ca

El’len                   Mar’ga ret            Ge’or gi an’a

Flor’ence’              Pris cil’la              Is a bel’la

Ja net’                   Re bec’ca             La vin’i a

Ro’sa                    Su san’na             Vic to’ri a

 

140                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 240.

 

Abbreviations used in Writing and Printing.

  1. or Am., Answer. Bro., Brother.
  2. B., Bachelor of Arts. C. H., Court-House.
  3. C., or B. C., Before Christ. Co., Company; County.
  4. D., In the year of our Lord. Cr., Credit.

Bart., Baronet.                            D. D., Doctor of Divinity.

Bbl., Barrel; barrels.                    Do., or ditto, The same.

  1. L., Bachelor of Laws. Dr., Doctor; Debtor.

C.O.D., Collect on delivery.      

  1. g. (exempli gratia), For example.
  2. M., Master of Arts; Before noon; In the year of the world.

                                               

Lesson 241.

 

Abbreviations used in Writing and Printing.

 

Ed., Editor; Edition.         H. B. M., Her Britannic Majesty.

Eng., England; English.   Hhd., Hogshead.

Esq., Esquire.                    H.R., House of Representatives.

Fri., Friday.                      G.P.O., General Post-Office.

Fahr., Fahrenheit.            Ibid., In the same place.

Gen., General; Genesis.   Id.(idem), The same.

Gov., Governor.                i. e. (id est), That is.

Jas., James.                      Jun. or Jr., Junior.

Lat., Latitude.                   Lb., Pound; pounds.

Etc. (et cetera), And so forth.

F.R.S., Fellow of the Royal Society.

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                   141

 

Lesson 242.

Abbreviations used in Writing and Printing.

  1. D., Doctor of Laws. Mrs., Mistress.

Long., Longitude.                             N., North.

  1. S., Place of the Seal. N. A., North America.

M., Monsieur.                                   MS., Manuscript.

  1. C., Member of Congress. No., Number.

Mon., Monday.                                  N. B. (nota bene), Take notice.

  1. D., Doctor of Medicine. pp., Pages.

Messrs., Gentlemen.                        Per., By the.

  1. P., Member of Parliament. P. M., Postmaster; Afternoon.

                                                            P.O., Post-Office.

Mr., Mister; Master.                        Prof, Professor.

Lesson 243.

Abbreviations used in Writing and Printing.

  1. S., Postscript. St., Saint; Street.

Pub. Doc., Public Document.          Sun., Sunday.

                                                            Supt., Superintendent.

Pxt., He painted it.                           Thurs., Thursday.

Sc., He engraved it.                          Tues., Tuesday.

  1. M., Quartermaster. V., vid., or vide, See.

Rec’d., Received.                              Viz.(videlicet), Namely.

Rev., Reverend.                                Vol., Volume.

S., Shilling; South.                           Vs. (versus), Against.

  1. A., South America. Wed., Wednesday.

Sat., Saturday.                                  W.I., West Indies.

Sen., Senior; Senator.                      Wt., Weight.

 

142                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 244.

Abbreviations of the States, with their Pronunciation.

Ala., Al a ba’ma.                            Ia., I’o wa.

Ark., Ar’kan sas.                            Kan., Kan’sas.

Cal., Cal i for’ni a.                        Ky., Ken tuck’y.

Col. or Colo., Col o ra’do.            Lou. or La., Lou i si a’na.

Conn. or Ct., Con nect’i cut         Mass., Mas sa chu’setts.

                                                         Md., Ma’ry land.

Del., Del’a ware.                            Me., Maine.

Flor. or Fla., Flor’i da.                 Mich., Mich’i gan.

Geo. or Ga., Geor’gi a.                 Minn., Min ne so’ta.

Ill., Il li nois’.                                 Miss., Mis sis sip’pi.

Ind., In di an’a.                               Mo., Mis sou’ri.

Lesson 245.

Abbreviations of the States, with their Pronunciation.

Neb., Ne bras’ka.                           R. I., Rhode Is1’and.

  1. C., North Car o li’na. S. C., South Car o li’na.
  2. H., New Hamp’shire Tenn., Ten nes see’.

                                                         Tex., Tex’as.

  1. J., New Jer’sey. Uh., U’tah (yoo’ta).

Nev., Ne va’da.                               U.S.A., U nit’ed States of A mer’i ca.

  1. Y., New York.

Or., Or’e gon.                                 Va., Vir gin’i a.

O., O hi’o.                                       Vt., Ver mont’.

Pa. or Penn., Penn syl va’ni a.     Wis., Wis con’sin.

                                                         W Va., West Vir gin’i a.

 

                                                             SPELLING-BOOK.                                                   143

Lesson 246.

American and Foreign Geographical Names.

Al’ba ny               Ba’den                  Al le ghe’ny

Ayr (ar)               Bal’ti more           A’si a (a’shi a)

Aulne (on)           Bor deaux’ (-do’) Cin cin na’ti

Bos’ton                Chi ca’go             Eu phra’tes

Chey enne’           Cai’ro                   Ha wai’i

Main                    Cey’lon’                Pal’es tine

Mo bile’                I’ser (e’zer)           Phil a del’phi a

Pau (po)               Mad rid’               Pyr’e nees

Saone                   Mil wau’kee         Szeg ed in’

Seine                    Mon ta’na            Vi en’na

Thames (temz)    New Or’leans       Wash’ing ton

 

Lesson 247.

Other Geographical Names of frequent Mispronunciation.

Guanaxuato (gwa na hwa’to)           Aube (ob)

Poughkeepsie (po kip’si)                 Caen (kon)

Worcester (woos’ter)                       Dieppe (dyep)

Youghiogheny (yoh’ho ga’ni)          Foix (fwa)

Newfoundland (nu’fund land)         Joux (zhoo)

Chuquisaca (choo ke sa’ka)             Lisle (lel)

Guatemala (ga te ma’la)                   Moux (moo)

Winnipiseogee (-pis sok’ki)            Oude (owd)

Venezuela (ven e zwe’la)                Sioux (soo)

Altamaha (al ta ma ha’)                   Thau (to)

Chautauqua (sha ta’kwa)                 Y (i)

 

144                                                     ECLECTIC SERIES.

 

Lesson 248.

OF CHARACTERS USED IN PUNCTUATION.

A Comma [, ] denotes the slightest degree of separation be­tween the elements of a sentence.

A Semicolon [; ] denotes a degree of separation somewhat greater than that indicated by a comma.

A Colon [:] marks a still greater degree of separation than a semicolon.

A Period [.] usually indicates the close of a sentence.

The Interrogation Point [?] is used at the end of a ques­tion.

The Exclamation Point [!] denotes astonishment or other emotion.

A Hyphen [ – ] is used to join words or syllables.

A Dash [-] marks a sudden break or stop in a sentence.

A Parenthesis [( )] includes words which might be left out without injuring the sense.

Brackets [ ] inclose words, etc., intended to explain or rec­tify what precedes or follows.

An Apostrophe [‘] indicates the omission of one or more letters; or denotes the possessive case.

Quotation Marks [” “] show that the passage included, is taken from some other author.

 

OF CAPITAL LETTERS.

A Capital should begin: (1) the first word of every sentence, and of every line of poetry; (2) proper names of persons, places, months, and days; (3) all appellations of the Deity; (4) titles of honor; (5) names of things personified; (6) names denoting the race or nation of individuals; (7) adjectives de­rived from proper names; (8) the first word of a direct quo­tation or speech; (9) the principal words in the titles of books; (10) words denoting important events, the chief sub­ject of a composition, etc. (11) The pronoun I and the interjection O are always capitals.

 

 

 

 

 

End of the Project Gutenberg EBook of McGuffey’s

by W. H. McGuffey

 

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